Ammospermophilus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Rodentia
Subordo: Sciuromorpha
Familia: Sciuridae
Subfamilia: Xerinae
Tribus: Marmotini
Genus: Ammospermophilus
Species: A. harrisii - A. nelsoni - A. leucurus - A. interpres - A. insularis

Name

Ammospermophilus Merriam, 1832

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Antilopenziesel
English: Antelope squirrel
Lietuvių: Antilopiniai starai
Nederlands: Antilopegrondeekhoorns

References

* Ammospermophilus on Mammal Species of the World.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder

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The antelope squirrels or antelope ground squirrels are the genus Ammospermophilus of sciurids found in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico.

The antelope squirrels are ground squirrels. They live in desert or dry scrub areas. Since it's very hot, the Antelope Squirrel has a special adaptation. The Antelope Squirrel is able to resist Hyperthermia and can survive body temperatures over 104°F.

Five species are currently recognised, with ranges that overlap little. They are:

* Harris's antelope squirrel, A. harrisii (southern Arizona, Sonora)
* San Joaquin antelope squirrel or Nelson's Antelope squirrel, A. nelsoni (San Joaquin Valley of California); endangered
* White-tailed antelope squirrel, A. leucurus (New Mexico, southern Arizona, California, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, and north to Oregon). The most widely distributed species in the genus.
* Texas antelope squirrel, A. interpres (Texas, New Mexico)
* Insular antelope squirrel, A. insularis Espiritu Santo Island Baja California Sur (some authorities treat this as a subspecies of A. leucurus).

All are somewhat similar in appearance and behavior. They are around 14–17 cm long with a 6–10 cm tail, and weigh 110–150 grams. The tail is somewhat flattened. They have a single white stripe on the body and none on the face. They live in burrows, which they dig for themselves. They are diurnal, and do not hibernate (though they become less active during the winter), so they are fairly easily seen.

References

* Thorington, R. W. Jr. and R. S. Hoffman. 2005. Family Sciuridae. pp. 754–818 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

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