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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Rodentia
Subordo: Anomaluromorpha
Familia: Anomaluridae
Subfamilia: Anomalurinae - Zenkerellinae


Anomaluridae Gervais, 1849


* Anomaluridae on Mammal species of the World.

Vernacular names
English: anomalures or scaly-tailed flying squirrels
日本語: ウロコオリス科
中文: 鳞尾松鼠科


The Anomaluridae family is a family of rodents found in central Africa. They are known as anomalures or scaly-tailed flying squirrels. There are seven extant species, classified into three genera. Most are brightly coloured.

All but one species of anomalurids have membranes between their front and hind legs like those of a flying squirrel, but they are not thought to be closely related to the flying squirrels that form the tribe Petauristini of the family Sciuridae. They are distinguished by two rows of pointed, raised scales on the undersides of their tails.[2] The anatomy of their heads is quite different from that of the sciurid flying squirrels.

Most anomalurid species roost during the day in hollow trees, with up to several dozen animals per tree. They are primarily herbivorous, and may travel up to 6 km (3.7 mi) from their roosting tree in search of leaves, flowers, or fruit, although they also eat a small amount of insects. They give birth to litters of up to three young, which are born already furred and active.[2]

Anomalurids represent one of several independent evolutions of gliding ability in mammals. The others include the true flying squirrels of Eurasia and North America, colugos or flying lemurs of Southeast Asia, and the gliding phalangers in Australia.


* Family Anomaluridae
o Subfamily Anomalurinae (large anomalures)
+ Genus Anomalurus
# Beecroft's Flying Squirrel, Anomalurus beecrofti
# Lord Derby's Scaly-tailed flying squirrel, Anomalurus derbianus
# Pel's Flying Squirrel, Anomalurus pelii
# Dwarf Scaly-tailed Squirrel, Anomalurus pusillus
o Subfamily Zenkerellinae (small anomalures)
+ Genus Idiurus
# Long-eared Flying Mouse, Idiurus macrotis
# Pygmy Scaly-tailed Flying Squirrel, Idiurus zenkeri
+ Genus Zenkerella
# Cameroon Scaly-tail, Zenkerella insignis


1. ^ Sallam, Hesham M; Seiffert, Erik R.; Simons, Elwyn L., Brindley, Chloe. A Large-bodied Anomaluroid rodent from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt: Phylogenetic and biogeographic implications. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30(5):1579–1593, September 2010.
2. ^ a b Fleming, Theodore (1984). Macdonald, D.. ed. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. pp. 632. ISBN 0-87196-871-1.

* Dieterlen, F. 2005. Family Anomaluridae. pp. 1532–1534 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

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