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Anomaluromorpha

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Rodentia
Subordo: Anomaluromorpha
Familia: Anomaluridae - Pedetidae

Name

Anomaluromorpha Bugge, 1974

References

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Anomaluromorpha is the name given to a clade that unites the anomalures with the springhare. It has alternately been designated as either a suborder or infraorder. Most recently, Carleton and Musser (2005) recognized it as one of five suborders of rodents.

Characteristics

The suborder Anomaluromorpha was erected to unite sciurognathous rodents with a hystricomorphous zygomasseteric system restricted to sub-Saharan Africa. Many authors have suggested that the two extant families may be only distantly related, and that they belong to separate suborders or infraorders. For example, the Pedetidae are the only family of rodents with multiserial enamel except for the Hystricognathi. This character, the hystricomorphous zygomatic region, and a common distribution in southern continents has led many researchers to suggest that the springhare (but not anomalures) may be allied with hystricognaths. Montgelard et al., (2002) generated some support for Anomaluromorpha in a molecular phylogeny using 12S rRNA and cytochrome b.

Families

The suborder Anomaluromorpha contains 9 living species in 4 genera and two families. An additional fossil family probably belongs to this group.

* †Parapedetidae
* Pedetidae - springhare
* Anomaluridae - scaly-tailed flying squirrels, flying mice

Potential relatives

The following fossil taxa are also sometimes placed in the Anomaluromorpha:

* †Diatomys
* †Zegdoumyidae

References

* Carleton, M. D. and G. G. Musser. 2005. Order Rodentia. Pp745–752 in Mammal Species of the World A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds.). Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.
* McKenna, Malcolm C., and Bell, Susan K. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York, 631 pp. ISBN 0-231-11013-8
* Montgelard, C., S. Bentz, C. Tirard, O. Vernaeu, and F. M. Catzeflis. 2002. Molecular systematics of Sciurognathi: the mitochondrial cytochrome b and 12S rRNA genes support the Anomaluroidea (Pedetidae and Anomaluridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 22:220-233.

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