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Arctocephalus philippii

Arctocephalus philippii

Arctocephalus philippii

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Carnivora
Subordo: Caniformia
Familia: Otariidae
Subfamilia: Arctocephalinae
Genus: Arctocephalus
Species: Arctocephalus philippii


Arctocephalus philippii (Peters, 1866)

Type locality: "Insel Juan Fernandez". Listed by Scheffer (1958) as "Isla Más a Tierra, Islas Juan Fernández, Chile".


* Peters, W. 1866. Uber die Ohrenrobben (Seelöwen and Seebären), Otaria, insbesondere über die in den Sammlungen zu Berlin befindlichen Arten. Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie des Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1866: 276, pl. 2a, b, c.


* Arctocephalus philippii on Mammal Species of the World.
Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder
* IUCN link: Arctocephalus philippii (Peters, 1866) (Near Threatened)
* Arctocephalus philippii (Peters, 1866) Report on ITIS

Vernacular names
English: Juan Fernandez Fur Seal
Polski: Kotik chilijski


The Juan Fernández Fur Seal (Arctocephalus philippii) is a fur seal that breeds on the Juan Fernández Islands off the coast of Chile. It is the second smallest of the otariid seal (the closely-related Galapagos Fur Seal is smaller still). Discovered by navigator Juan Fernández in the sixteenth century, the seals became a target for sealers in the Maritime Fur Trade era. They were thought extinct mid-way through the twentieth century until a population of 200 was found. The population was protected and has grown quickly. There are now believed to be at least 10,000 animals on and around the island.


The seals have a relatively robust body and a long, slender and pointed snout. They have stubby foreflippers and hindflippers, and a mane of long coarse guard hairs from the top of the head to the shoulders. Adult males are dark brown to black, but the guard hairs can have yellow or tan tips. The males also have a more bulbous nose than the females and juveniles as well as being longer than the adult females. The adult females have an overall brown colour but the tips of the guard hairs may fade to yellow or tan. The females are less robust at the chest, neck and shoulders than the adult males. When pups are born they are black, but they become lighter during the first few years.


1. ^ Aurioles, D. & Trillmich, F. (2008). Arctocephalus philippii. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 30 January 2009.

* Randall R. Reeves, Brent S. Stewart, Phillip J. Clapham and James A. Powell (2002). National Audubon Society Guide to Marine Mammals of the World. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0375411410.
* Template:RefSea Mammals of the World by Randall R. Reeves, Brent S. Stewart, Phillip J. Clapham, James A. Powell, A&C Black Publishers Ltd.London

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