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Capra caucasica

Capra caucasica (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Cetartiodactyla
Ordo: Artiodactyla
Subordo: Ruminantia
Familia: Bovidae
Subfamilia: Caprinae
Genus: Capra
Species: Capra caucasica
Subspecies: C. c. caucasica - C. c. cylindricornis - C. c. severtzovi


Capra caucasica Güldenstädt & Pallas, 1783


* Capra caucasica on Mammal Species of the World.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder
* IUCN link: Capra caucasica Güldenstädt & Pallas, 1783 (Endangered)

Vernacular names
English: West Caucasian Tur
Polski: Koziorożec kaukaski


The West Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica) is a mountain dwelling goat antelope found only in the western half of the Caucasus Mountain range.

West Caucasian turs stand up to 1 metre (39 in) tall at the shoulder and weigh around 65 kilograms (140 lb). West Caucasian turs have large but narrow bodies and short legs. West Caucasian turs have a chestnut coat with a yellow underbelly and darker legs. The horns are scimitar shaped and heavily ridged. In males these horns are around 70 centimetres (28 in) while in females they are much smaller.

West Caucasian turs live in rough mountainous terrain between 800 and 4,000 metres (2,600 and 13,000 ft) above sea level where they eat mainly grasses and leaves and are preyed upon by wolves and lynxes. West Caucasian turs are nocturnal, eating in the open at night and sheltering during the day. Females live in herds of around ten individuals, while males are solitary.

The wild population is estimated 5000 - 6000 individuals.


1. ^ Weinberg, P. (2008). Capra caucasica. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 31 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of endangered.

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