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Cavia tschudii

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Rodentia
Suborder: Hystricomorpha
Infraorder: Hystricognathi
Infraordo: Caviomorpha
Familia: Caviidae
Subfamilia: Caviinae
Genus: Cavia
Species: Cavia tschudii

Name

Cavia tschudii Fitzinger, 1857

Vernacular names
English: Montane Guinea Pig
Português: Preá-do-Peru

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The Montane Guinea Pig, Cavia tschudii, is a guinea pig species from South America. It is found in Peru.

Peruvian wild guinea pigs were first described by E. T. Bennett in 1835, who termed them Cavia cutleri. Johann Jakob von Tschudi, in an 1845 publication, used the term Cavia cutleri to refer to what are now considered two separate entities - the first, Bennett's Cavia cutleri, which was later (by Oldfield Thomas in 1917) identified as probably a differently-pigmented version of Cavia porcellus, and the second, a wild Peruvian pig that was clearly different from the animal Bennett described.[3] In 1867[2], Leopold Fitzinger renamed the latter guinea pig Cavia tschudii.[3]
References

1. ^ Dunnum, J., Patterson, B., Zeballos, H. & Teta, P. (2008). Cavia tschudii. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 5 January 2009.
2. ^ a b Fitzinger, Leopold (1867). "Versuch einer natürlichen Anordnung der Nagethiere (Rodentia)". Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaft zu Wien (Mathematische-naturwissenschaftliche Classe) 55: 453-515; 56:57-168. Modern references commonly list this incorrectly as 1857.
3. ^ a b Weir, Barbara J. (1974), "Notes on the Origin of the Domestic Guinea-Pig", in Rowlands, I. W.; Weir, Barbara J., The Biology of Hystricomorph Rodents, Academic Press, pp. pp. 437–446, ISBN 0-12-6133334-4

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