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Cebidae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Primates
Subordo: Haplorrhini
Infraordo: Simiiformes
Parvordo: Platyrrhini
Familia: Cebidae
Subfamiliae: Callithrichinae - Cebinae - Saimiriinae - †Tremacebinae

Name

Cebidae Bonaparte, 1831

Vernacular names
Internationalization
한국어: 꼬리감는원숭이과
Русский: Цепкохвостые обезьяны
Svenska: Cebusliknande brednäsor

The Cebidae is one of the five families of New World monkeys now recognised. It includes the capuchin monkeys and squirrel monkeys.[2] These species are found throughout tropical and subtropical South and Central America.

Characteristics

Cebid monkeys are arboreal animals that only rarely travel on the ground. They are generally small monkeys, ranging in size up to that of the Brown Capuchin, with a body length of 33 to 56 cm, and a weight of 2.5 to 3.9 kilograms. They are somewhat variable in form and coloration, but all have the wide, flat, noses typical of New World Monkeys.

They are omnivorous, mostly eating fruit and insects, although the proportions of these foods vary greatly between species. They have the dental formula:Upper: 2.1.3.2-3, lower: 2.1.3.2-3

Females give birth to one or two young after a gestation period of between 130 and 170 days, depending on species. They are social animals, living in groups of between five and forty individuals, with the smaller species typically forming larger groups. They are generally diurnal in habit.[3]
Classification

Previously, New World monkeys were divided between Callitrichidae and this family. For a few recent years, marmosets, tamarins, and lion tamarins were placed as a subfamily (Callitrichinae) in Cebidae, while moving other genera from Cebidae into the families Aotidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae.[1] The most recent classification of New World monkeys again splits the callitrichids off, leaving only the capuchins and squirrel monkeys in this family.[2]

* Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys
White-fronted Capuchin (Cebus albifrons)
o Subfamily Cebinae
+ Genus Cebus
# Black-striped Capuchin, Cebus libidinosus
# Black Capuchin, Cebus nigritus
# Golden-bellied Capuchin, Cebus xanthosternos
# Kaapori Capuchin, Cebus kaapori
# Tufted Capuchin, Cebus apella
# White-headed Capuchin, Cebus capucinus
# White-fronted Capuchin, Cebus albifrons
# Weeper Capuchin, Cebus olivaceus
# Blond Capuchin, Cebus flavius
Common Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus)
o Subfamily Saimiriinae
+ Genus Saimiri
# Bare-eared Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri ustus
# Black Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri vanzolini
# Black-capped Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri boliviensis
# Central American Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri oerstedi
# Common Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri sciureus

Extinct taxa

* Subfamily Cebinae
o Genus Acrecebus
+ Acrecebus fraileyi
o Genus Dolichocebus
+ Dolichocebus gaimanensis
o Genus Chilecebus
+ Chilecebus carrascoensis
o Genus Neosaimiri
+ Neosaimiri fieldsi
o Genus Laventiana
+ Laventiana annectens

References

1. ^ a b Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E., & Reeder, D. M, eds. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 129-139. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=12100178.
2. ^ a b c Rylands AB and Mittermeier RA (2009). "The Diversity of the New World Primates (Platyrrhini)". In Garber PA, Estrada A, Bicca-Marques JC, Heymann EW, Strier KB. South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Springer. ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6.
3. ^ Janson, C.H. & Rylands, A.B. (1984). Macdonald, D.. ed. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. pp. 342–361. ISBN 0-87196-871-1.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License