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Cebus nigritus

Cebus nigritus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Primates
Subordo: Haplorrhini
Infraordo: Simiiformes
Parvordo: Platyrrhini
Familia: Cebidae
Subfamilia: Cebinae
Genus: Cebus
Species: Cebus nigritus
Subspecies: C. n. nigritus - C. n. cucullatus - C. n. robustus

Name

Cebus nigritus, (Goldfuss, 1809)

Reference

Cebus nigritus on Mammal Species of the World.
Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder

Vernacular names
Internationalization
English: Black Capuchin
Português: Macaco-prego-preto

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The Black Capuchin, Cebus nigritus, also known as the Black-horned Capuchin,[2] is a capuchin monkey from the Atlantic Forest in south-eastern Brazil and far north-eastern Argentina. Historically, it was included as a subspecies of the Tufted Capuchin.[1]

Subspecies

The Black Capuchin has three subspecies: Cebus n. nigritus (nominate) and C. n. cucullatus are found in the southern part (the former eastwards, and the latter westwards) of this species' range, and both have a distinctive pair of tufts on the crown, as also suggested by the alternative common name of this species; Black-horned Capuchin. The last subspecies, the Crested or Robust Tufted Capuchin (C. n. robustus) is found in the northern part of this species' range (north of the Doce River), and has a median conical crest on the crown.[3] It is sometimes considered a separate species.[4]

Status

The Black Capuchin's population number is unknown, but thought to be declining. This is due mostly to habitat loss, hunting, and the pet trade. [5] The two southern subspecies remain relatively widespread and are rated as Near Threatened by the IUCN.[2] The distinctive northern subspecies has a far more restricted distribution and it is considered Endangered.[6]

References

1. ^ a b Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E., & Reeder, D. M, eds. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 137-138. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=12100277.
2. ^ a b c Keirulff, M.C.M., Mendes, S.L. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). Cebus nigritus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2008. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of near threatened.
3. ^ Rylands, A. B., Kierulff, M. C. M., & Mittermeier, R. A. (2005). Notes on the taxonomy and distributions of the tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus, Cebidae) of South America. Lundiana 6 (supp.): 97-110
4. ^ Silva Jr., J. de S. (2001). Especiação nos macacos-prego e caiararas, gênero Cebus Erxleben, 1777 (Primates, Cebidae). Ph.D. thesis. Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
5. ^ Wildlife as Canon sees it. n.a.. National Geographic Magazine, June 2008.
6. ^ Kierulff, M.C.M., Mendes, S.L. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). Cebus robustus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. Downloaded on 19 May 2010. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of near threatened.

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