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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Marsupialia
Ordo: Dasyuromorphia
Familia: Dasyuridae
Subfamiliae: Dasyurinae - Sminthopsinae - †Barinyinae

Name

Dasyuridae Goldfuss, 1820

References

* Dasyuridae on Mammal species of the World.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder
* Handb. Zool. II: 447.
* G.A. Feldhamer, L.C. Drickamer, S.H. Vessey, and J.F. Merritt: Mammalogy. Adaptation, Diversity, and Ecology. WCB McGraw-Hill, Boston. xii+563pp. (1999)
* L.G. Marshall: Monotremes and marsupials. Pp 59-115 in Anderson, S. and J. Knox Jones, eds, Orders and Families of Recent Mammals of the World. John Wiley and Sons, NY. xii+686 pp. (1984)
* R. Strahan: Mammals of Australia. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 756 pp. (1995)
* T.A. Vaughan: Mammalogy. Third Edition. Saunders College Publishing, Fort Worth. vi+576 pp. (1986)
* T.A. Vaughan, J.M. Ryan, N.J. Czaplewski: Mammalogy. Fourth Edition. Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia. vii+565pp. (2000)

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Česky: Kunovcovití
Español: Dasiúridos
日本語: フクロネコ科
Polski: Niełazowate
Українська: Шерстохвості

Dasyuridae is a family of marsupials native to Australia and New Guinea, including 61 species divided into 15 genera.[1] Many are small and mouse-like, giving them the misnomer marsupial mice, but the group also includes the cat-sized quolls, as well as the Tasmanian Devil. They are found in a wide range of habitats, including grassland, forests, and mountains, and some species are arboreal or semi-aquatic.

Characteristics

Most dasyurids are roughly the size of mice, but a few species are much larger. The smallest species is the Pilbara Ningaui, which is from 4.6 to 5.7 cm in length, and weighs just 2–9 grams, while the largest, the Tasmanian Devil, is 57–65 cm long, and weighs from 6–8 kilograms. The smaller dasyurids typically resemble shrews or mice in appearance, with long tails and narrow, pointed noses. The larger species bear a resemblance to such placental carnivores as mongooses or mustelids.[2]

Many features of dasyurids are considered primitive, that is, that they resemble the features of the earliest marsupials, from which other species, such as kangaroos and bandicoots, later diverged. For example, all of the toes in dasyurids are separate, whereas in many other marsupials, the second and third toes are fused together. Similarly, many species lack a full marsupial pouch, instead having a simple fold of skin surrounding the teats, and providing some protection to the developing young. The dentition of dasyurids is also considered primitive, and differs from that of other marsupials, with a dental formula of:
Dentition
4.1.2-3.4
3.1.2-3.4

.

Dasyurids are primarily insectivorous, but they will also eat small lizards, fruit, and flowers. One of the few exceptions to this rule is the Tasmanian Devil, which subsists mainly on vertebrate carrion.[2] They have a relatively simple digestive tract, as is typical of insectivores and carnivores.

Gestation lasts from 12–16 days, and results in the birth of from two to twelve young, depending on species. Smaller species typically breed at least twice a year, while the larger forms tend to breed just once. The length of lactation reflects this, with young dunnarts, for example, being weaned after 60–70 days, but young quolls only after 8–9 months. Most dasyurid species are sexually mature at one year of age, but, again, the quolls and Tasmanian Devil, being larger, take longer to mature and do not reach full adulthood for about two years.[2]

Adult dasyurids are typically solitary, or travel in small groups of two to three individuals.

Classification

* Family Dasyuridae
o Genus Ganbulanyi (fossil)
o Genus Glaucodon (fossil)
o Subfamily Barinyainae (fossil)
+ Genus Barinya (fossil)
o Subfamily Dasyurinae
+ Tribe Dasyurini
# Genus Dasycercus
* Brush-tailed Mulgara, Dasycercus blythi
* Crest-tailed Mulgara, Dasycercus cristicauda
# Genus Dasykaluta
* Little Red Kaluta, Dasykaluta rosamondae
# Genus Dasyuroides
* Kowari, Dasyuroides byrnei
# Genus Dasyurus: quolls
* New Guinean Quoll, Dasyurus albopunctatus
* Western Quoll, Dasyurus geoffroii
* Northern Quoll, Dasyurus hallucatus
* Tiger Quoll, Dasyurus maculatus
* Bronze Quoll, Dasyurus spartacus
* Eastern Quoll, Dasyurus viverrinus
# Genus Myoictis
* Myoictis leucura
* Three-striped Dasyure, Myoictis melas
* Wallace's Dasyure, Myoictis wallacii
* Myoictis wavicus
# Genus Neophascogale
* Speckled Dasyure, Neophascogale lorentzi
# Genus Parantechinus
* Dibbler, Parantechinus apicalis
# Genus Phascolosorex
* Phascolosorex brevicaudata
* Red-bellied Marsupial Shrew, Phascolosorex doriae
* Narrow-striped Marsupial Shrew, Phascolosorex dorsalis
# Genus Pseudantechinus
* Sandstone Dibbler, Pseudantechinus bilarni
* Fat-tailed False Antechinus, Pseudantechinus macdonnellensis
* Alexandria False Antechinus, Pseudantechinus mimulus
* Ningbing False Antechinus, Pseudantechinus ningbing
* Rory Cooper's False Antechinus, Pseudantechinus roryi
* Woolley's False Antechinus, Pseudantechinus woolleyae
# Genus Sarcophilus
* Tasmanian Devil, Sarcophilus harrisii
+ Tribe Phascogalini
# Genus Antechinus
* Tropical Antechinus, Antechinus adustus
* Agile Antechinus, Antechinus agilis
* Fawn Antechinus, Antechinus bellus
* Yellow-footed Antechinus, Antechinus flavipes
* Atherton Antechinus, Antechinus godmani
* Cinnamon Antechinus, Antechinus leo
* Swamp Antechinus, Antechinus minimus
* Brown Antechinus, Antechinus stuartii
* Subtropical Antechinus, Antechinus subtropicus
* Dusky Antechinus, Antechinus swainsonii
# Genus Micromurexia
* Habbema Dasyure, Micromurexia habbema
* Micromurexia hageni
# Genus Murexechinus
* Black-tailed Dasyure, Murexechinus melanurus
# Genus Murexia
* Short-furred Dasyure, Murexia longicaudata
# Genus Paramurexia
* Broad-striped Dasyure, Paramurexia rothschildi
# Genus Phascomurexia
* Long-nosed Dasyure, Phascomurexia naso
# Genus Phascogale
* Red-tailed Phascogale, Phascogale calura
* Phascogale pirata
* Brush-tailed Phascogale, Phascogale tapoatafa
o Subfamily Sminthopsinae
+ Tribe Sminthopsini
# Genus Antechinomys
* Kultarr, Antechinomys laniger
# Genus Ningaui
* Wongai Ningaui, Ningaui ridei
* Pilbara Ningaui, Ningaui timealeyi
* Southern Ningaui, Ningaui yvonnae
# Genus Sminthopsis
* †S. floravillensis Archer, 1982
* S. crassicaudata species-group
o Fat-tailed Dunnart, Sminthopsis crassicaudata
* S. macroura species-group
o Kakadu Dunnart, Sminthopsis bindi
o Carpentarian Dunnart, Sminthopsis butleri
o Julia Creek Dunnart, Sminthopsis douglasi
o Stripe-faced Dunnart, Sminthopsis macroura
o Red-cheeked Dunnart, Sminthopsis virginiae
* S. granulipes species-group
o White-tailed Dunnart, Sminthopsis granulipes
* S. griseoventer species-group
o Kangaroo Island Dunnart, Sminthopsis aitkeni
o Boullanger Island Dunnart, Sminthopsis boullangerensis
o Grey-bellied Dunnart, Sminthopsis griseoventer
* S. longicaudata species-group
o Long-tailed Dunnart, Sminthopsis longicaudata
* S. murina species-group
o Chestnut Dunnart, Sminthopsis archeri
o Little Long-tailed Dunnart, Sminthopsis dolichura
o Sooty Dunnart, Sminthopsis fulginosus
o Gilbert's Dunnart, Sminthopsis gilberti
o White-footed Dunnart, Sminthopsis leucopus
o Slender-tailed Dunnart, Sminthopsis murina
* S. psammophila species-group
o Hairy-footed Dunnart, Sminthopsis hirtipes
o Ooldea Dunnart, Sminthopsis ooldea
o Sandhill Dunnart, Sminthopsis psammophila
o Lesser Hairy-footed Dunnart, Sminthopsis youngsoni
+ Tribe Planigalini
# Genus Planigale
* Paucident Planigale, Planigale gilesi
* Long-tailed Planigale, Planigale ingrami
* Common Planigale, Planigale maculata
* New Guinean Planigale, Planigale novaeguineae
* Narrow-nosed Planigale, Planigale tenuirostris


References

1. ^ a b Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E., & Reeder, D. M, eds. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 23–37. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3.
2. ^ a b c Lee, A.K. (1984). Macdonald, D.. ed. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. pp. 838–845. ISBN 0-87196-871-1.

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