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Colorado chipmunk

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Cladus: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Cladus: Cynodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohort: Theria
Cohort: Eutheria
Cohort: Placentalia
Cladus: Boreoeutheria
Superordo: Euarchontoglires
Ordo: Rodentia
Subordo: Sciuromorpha

Familia: Sciuridae
Subfamilia: Xerinae
Tribus: Marmotini
Genus: Tamias
Species: Tamias quadrivittatus

Tamias quadrivittatus Say, 1823

Tamias quadrivittatus in Mammal Species of the World.
Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World – A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.


North American Mammals: Tamias quadrivittatus [1]

Vernacular names
English: Colorado Chipmunk

The Colorado chipmunk (Neotamias quadrivittatus) is a species of chipmunk in the squirrel family Sciuridae. It is endemic to Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico in the United States.[1][2]

A Colorado chipmunk eating a sunflower seed near the entrance to Timpanogos Cave in Timpanogos Cave National Monument, Utah

It can be found most often in coniferous forests, woodlands, montane shrub lands, and alpine tundra habitats. This means that in elevation, T. quadrivittatus inhabits anywhere above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) and below 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) elevation.[3]

This western American dweller is the largest of the three species of chipmunks found in the Colorado Front Range (which also include the Least Chipmunk and the Uinta Chipmunk). On average it weighs about 62 grams (2.2 oz). Chipmunks are distinguished from ground squirrels in that their faces have a stripe going across under the eye. There are no dimorphic differences between males and females.

Their vocalizations are essential for defending their territories.[3]

Their diet consists of seeds, berries, flowers and insects.[4] They like to collect food in the fall and cache it for the winter.

Depending on the elevation at which the chipmunk is found, it may range from 1-2 litters. Most commonly copulation occurs in the spring when the chipmunks emerge from their burrows. The females are only receptive of males for a couple of days after emerging from the burrow. About a month after copulation, the female will give birth to a litter that may have anywhere between 5-8 altricial young. Within 40–50 days they will be weaned from their mother.[5]

Linzey, A. V. & Hammerson, G. (2008). "Neotamias quadrivittatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2009.
David M. Armstrong (30 October 2007). Rocky Mountain Mammals: A Handbook of Mammals of Rocky Mountain National Park and Vicinity (Third ed.). University Press of Colorado. pp. 93–. ISBN 978-1-60732-008-1.
Bergstrom, Bradley J.; Hoffmann, Robert S. (1991). "Distribution and Diagnosis of Three Species of Chipmunks (Tamias) in the Front Range of Colorado". The Southwestern Naturalist. 36 (1): 14. doi:10.2307/3672112. ISSN 0038-4909. JSTOR 3672112.
"Colorado Chipmunk Tamias quadrivittatus". Natural Diversity Information Source. Colorado Parks and Wildlife. Archived from the original on 2015-01-10. Retrieved 2014-08-21.

"Colorado Chipmunk: Tamias quadrivittatus". Untamed Science. Archived from the original on 2012-04-22. Retrieved 2014-08-21.

Further reading
Sullivan, Robert Miles (1996). "Genetics, Ecology, and Conservation of Montane Populations of Colorado Chipmunks (Tamias quadrivittatus)". Journal of Mammalogy. 77 (4): 951–975. doi:10.2307/1382777. ISSN 0022-2372. JSTOR 1382777.

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