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Bradypodion gutturale

Bradypodion gutturale (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata Episquamata Toxicofera
Subordo: Iguania
Infraordo: Acrodonta

Familia: Chamaeleonidae
Subfamilia: Chamaeleoninae
Genus: Bradypodion
Species: Bradypodion gutturale
Name

Bradypodion gutturale (Smith, 1849)

Type locality: Republic of South Africa (W Cape Province).

Holotype: Not located; presumed lost (Fitzsimons 1935/36: 270 & 1943: 168).
Synonyms

Chamaeleon gutturalis Smith 1849: 3
Chamaeleo pumilus gutturalis — Hillenius 1959
Bradypodion pumilum gutturale — Klaver & Böhme 1997
Bradypodion ventrale gutturale — Branch 1998

References

Smith, A. 1849. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa. 3 (Reptiles). London, Smith, Elder & Co.
Nečas, P. 1999. Chameleons – Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp. ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe). ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada). Reference page.
Branch, W.R. 1998. Field Guide to the Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Fully Revised and Updated to Include 83 New Species. Ralph Curtis Books (Sanibel Island, Florida), 399 pp.
Bradypodion gutturale at the New Reptile Database. Accessed on 11 March 2008.

Vernacular names
English: Robertson Dwarf Chameleon

The Robertson dwarf chameleon, also known as the Little Karoo dwarf chameleon, (Bradypodion gutturale) is a chameleon in the genus Bradypodion. It is found in the dry Fynbos and Renosterveld shrub vegetation, in the centre of the Western Cape province, South Africa.

Description

A medium-sized dwarf chameleon, with a relatively robust build and a long prehensile tail, it can grow up to 15 cm in length. It is generally grey-olive in colour, but individuals have been found that vary.
Natural range

This species occurs in the Little Karoo, and the surrounding mountain ranges, within the Western Cape, South Africa.

It is recorded as far west as the border of the Cederberg mountains, and as far east as Uniondale. In the south it occurs near the coast in the area of Robertson and on the Agulhas plain.
Habitat

It prefers the fynbos vegetation, unlike some other species of dwarf chameleons that are forest-dwellers. It is particularly adapted to dry fynbos, renosterveld and is even found in the transition zones to arid succulent Karoo vegetation. DNA evidence suggests the Robertson chameleon may have diverged from the forest-dwellers several million years ago, coinciding with the retreat of the forests and the spread of dry fynbos.
Sources

Tolley K. and Burger M. 2007. Chameleons of Southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town
Tolley, K.A. et al. 2006. Biogeographic patterns and phylogeography of dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion) in an African biodiversity hotspot. Molecular Ecology 15:781-793.
The Dwarf Chameleon Project at Wildcliff Nature Reserve

External links

Tolley, K.A. (2018). "Bradypodion gutturale". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T42679297A115667324. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T42679297A115667324.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
"Appendices | CITES". cites.org. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
Smith, Andrew (1849). "Appendix". Reptilia. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa. London: Smith, Elder and Co. p. 3.
Power, J. H. (1932). "On the South African Species of Chameleons of the Genus Lophosaura". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 102: 216–217. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1932.tb06212.x.
Raw, Lynn R. G. (1976). "A Survey of the Dwarf Chameleons of Natal, South Africa, with Descriptions of Three New Species (Sauria: Chameleonidae)". Durban Museum Novitates. 11 (7): 139–161. hdl:10520/AJA0012723X_2257.

Glaw, Frank (2015). "Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae)" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 65 (2): 185.

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