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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Elapoidea

Familia: Elapidae
Subfamilia: Elapinae
Genus: Calliophis
Species (14): C. beddomei - C. bibroni – C. bilineata – C. bivirgatus – C. castoe – C. gracilis – C. haematoetron – C. intestinalis – C. maculiceps – C. melanurus - C. nigrescens – C. philippina – C. salitan – C. suluensis

Name

Calliophis Gray, 1835

Type species: Calliophis gracilis Gray, 1835, by monotypy.

References
Additional references

Smith, E.N., Manamendra-Arachchi, K. & Somaweera, R. 2008. A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1847: 19–33. Abstract & excerpt. Reference page.
Smith, E.N., Ogale, H., Deepak, V. & Giri, V.B. 2012. A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the west coast of peninsular India. Zootaxa 3437: 51–68. Preview PDF Reference page.

Links

Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2021. Calliophis . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 19 July 2018.

Vernacular names
English: Asian Coral Snakes

Calliophis is a genus of venomous elapid snakes, one of several known commonly as oriental coral snakes or Asian coral snakes.

Species

Species in this genus are:[3]

Calliophis beddomei (M.A. Smith, 1943) – Beddome's coral snake (India)
Calliophis bibroni (Jan, 1858) – Bibron's coral snake (India)
Calliophis bilineatus (Peters, 1881) – Two-stripped coral snake (Philippines)
Calliophis bivirgatus (F. Boie, 1827) – blue Malaysian coral snake (Indonesia, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand)
Calliophis castoe E.N. Smith, Ogale, Deepak & Giri, 2012 – Castoe’s coral snake (India)
Calliophis gracilis Gray, 1835 – spotted coral snake (Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore)
Calliophis haematoetron E.N. Smith, Manamendra-Arachchi & Somweera, 2008 – blood-bellied coral snake (Sri Lanka)
Calliophis intestinalis (Laurenti, 1768) – banded Malaysian coral snake (Indonesia, Malaysia)
Calliophis maculiceps (Günther, 1858) – speckled coral snake (Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos)
Calliophis melanurus (Shaw, 1802) – Indian coral snake (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka)
Calliophis nigrescens (Günther, 1862) – black coral snake (India)
Calliophis nigrotaeniatus (Peters, 1863) – banded Malaysian coral snake, striped coral snake (Indonesia, Malaysia )
Calliophis philippinus (Günther, 1864) – Philippine coral snake (the Philippines)
Calliophis salitan Brown, Smart, Leviton, & Smith, 2018 (the Philippines)
Calliophis suluensis (Steindachner, 1891) – Sulu Islands banded coral snake (the Philippines)

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Calliophis.
Taxonomy

The former Calliophis calligaster, the barred coral snake (Philippines), is now in the genus Hemibungarus.

Both Kellogg's coral snake (formerly C. kelloggi ) (Vietnam, Laos, China) and MacClelland's coral snake (formerly C. macclellandi ) are now in the genus Sinomicrurus.
Behaviour

Snakes of the genus Calliophis are semifossorial.[4]
References

ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
Günther A. 1859. On the Genus Elaps of Wagler. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1859: 79-89.
The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.

Goin CJ, Goin OB, Zug GR. 1978. Introduction to Herpetology, Third Edition. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman and Company. xi + 378 pp. ISBN 0-7167-0020-4. (Genus Callophis [sic], p. 331).

Further reading

Boulenger GA. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ), ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Genus Callophis [sic], p. 396).
Gray JE. 1834. Illustrations of Indian Zoology; Chiefly Selected from the Collection of Major-General Hardwicke, F.R.S., ... Vol. II. London: Adolphus Richter and Co. 102 plates. (Calliophis gracilis, Plate 86, Figures 1 & 3).
Smith MA. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III.—Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. (Genus Callophis [sic], pp. 418–419).

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