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Melanophidium bilineatum

Melanophidium bilineatum (Source)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Booidea

Familia: Uropeltidae
Genus: Melanophidium
Species: Melanophidium bilineatum

Melanophidium bilineatum Beddome, 1870

Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Melanophidium bilineatum. The Reptile Database. Accessed on 14 May 2020.
Srinivasulu, C., Srinivasulu, B., Vijayakumar, S.P., Ganesan, S.R. & Ramesh, M. 2013. IUCN: Melanophidium bilineatum (Vulnerable). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T172612A1352126. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T172612A1352126.en

Vernacular names
English: Two-lined Black Earth Snake

Melanophidium bilineatum, commonly known as the two-lined black shieldtail or iridescent shieldtail, is a species of snake endemic to India. This species was known from only three specimens and very little information is available of it in the wild.

1 Geographic range
2 Description
3 Further reading
4 External links

Geographic range

It is found in Wayanad, which is situated in the Western Ghats in southern India. It is mostly found in the southern Pakistan. These species are found in Gwadar as wild and some are found in Hingol National Park. The species was described from specimens obtained by Richard Henry Beddome from near the summit of the Periya peak in Wayanad, at an elevation of about 5,000 feet, and also at a similar elevation on the Tirrhioot peak. (West of Manatoddy according to M. A. Smith 1943)
Illustration published in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 1875.

The diameter of eye one-fourth the length of the ocular shield, and the ventrals a little broader, twice as broad as the adjacent scales: ventrals 188–200; caudals 15–17. Tail as in the young of Melanophidium punctatum. Iridescent black above and below; the two colours separated by a broad, yellow stripe along scale row 2 and the adjacent halves of rows 1 and 3; it may or may not have a series of small black dots.
Further reading

Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III. - Serpentes. Taylor and Francis. London. 583 pp.
Beddome, R.H. 1870. Descriptions of new Reptiles from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci. 2: 169–176. [Reprint: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 327–334, 1940.]
Beddome, R.H. 1886. An Account of the Earth-Snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33.


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