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Opheodrys

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Reptilia
Subclassis: Diapsida
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Colubroidea
Familia: Colubridae
Subfamilia: Colubrinae
Genus: Opheodrys
Species: O. aestivus - O. vernalis

Name

Opheodrys Fitzinger, 1843

References

* Stebbins, R.C. 1985: A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
* Opheodrys at the New Reptile Database. Accessed on 30 sep 2008.


Vernacular names
English: Green Snakes

Opheodrys is a genus of small colubrid snakes commonly referred to as green snakes. In North America the genus consists of two distinct species with five recognized subspecies. As their common names imply, the Rough Green Snake has keeled dorsal scales whereas the Smooth Green Snake has smooth dorsal scales.


Species

* Rough Green Snake, Opheodrys aestivus
o Northern Rough Green Snake, Opheodrys aestivus aestivus (Linnaeus, 1766)
o Florida Rough Green Snake, Opheodrys aestivus carinatus (Grobman, 1984)
* Smooth Green Snake, Opheodrys vernalis
o Western Smooth Green Snake, Opheodrys vernalis blanchardi (Grobman, 1941)
o Eastern Smooth Green Snake, Opheodrys vernalis vernalis (Harlan, 1827)
o Opheodrys vernalis borealis (Grobman, 1992)

The genus Opheodrys also includes two Asian species. O. herminae is endemic to Japan, and O. major is endemic to Central/South China, Taiwan, N. Vietnam and Laos.

* Sakashima Green Snake, Opheodrys herminae (Boettger, 1895)
* Greater Green Snake, Opheodrys major (Günther, 1858) = Cyclophis major Günther, 1858


Range

Green snakes are found throughout the United States, southern Canada and northern Mexico.

Description

Green snakes are so named because they are typically solid green in color with a cream colored or yellow underside. They are thin bodied snakes that rarely exceed 90 cm (around 36 inches) in length. They have large eyes and blunt shaped heads.

Behavior and Diet

Green snakes are often found in dense, low lying vegetation near a permanent water source. They have been known to follow human activity. They rely on their color for camouflage and will usually attempt to escape if threatened. Their primary diet is soft bodied arthropods, including crickets, spiders, moths, butterflies, and grasshoppers. Green snakes are oviparous.

References

* Genus Opheodrys at The Reptile Database
* Smooth Green Snake - Opheodrys vernalis Species account from the Iowa Reptile and Amphibian Field Guide

1. Georgia Department of Natural Resources -- Laws Related to Native Wildlife

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License