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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Typhlopoidea

Familia: Typhlopidae
Genus: Ramphotyphlops
Species (21): R. acuticauda – R. adocetus – R. angusticeps – R. becki – R. bipartitus – R. conradi – R. cumingii – R. depressus – R. exocoeti – R. flaviventer – R. hatmaliyeb – R. lineatus – R. lorenzi – R. mansuetus – R. marxi – R. multilineatus – R. olivaceus – R. similis – R. suluensis – R. supranasalis – R. willeyi
Name

Ramphotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843: 24 [conserved name]

Type species: Typhlops multilineatus Schlegel, 1839, by original designation.

Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 1207 (1982).
References
Primary references

Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium. Fasciculus primus. Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel: Wien. vi + 106 pp. BHL Reference page.
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1982. Opinion 1207. Leptotyphlops and Ramphotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843 (Reptilia, Serpentes): conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 39(2): 106–108. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Wynn, A.H. et al. 2012: The unexpected discovery of blind snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) in Micronesia: two new species of Ramphotyphlops from the Caroline Islands. Zootaxa 3172: 39–54. Preview Reference page.
Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61. Full article (PDF). Reference page.
Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829(1): 1–81. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3829.1.1 Reference page.

Links

Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2021. Ramphotyphlops . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 21 April 2018.

Ramphotyphlops is a genus of nonvenomous blind snakes found in southern and southeast Asia, as well as many islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. They occur in a wide variety of habitats. Currently, 22 species are recognized.[2]

Description

Growing to 50–750 mm ( 2–30 in) in length, these snakes occur in a variety of colors from light beige, to red, to blackish brown. They are often difficult to identify properly without the aid of optical magnification. Their heads are conical and tapered into their bodies.

These snakes can be found in ant and termite nests, as well as under fallen leaves and in holes in logs. They are believed to feed on earthworms, as well as the larvae and eggs of ants and termites. They are thought to be oviparous, although this has only been observed in a few species.
Species
Species[2] Taxon author *[2] Subsp.**[2] Common name Geographic range[1]
R. acuticauda (W. Peters, 1877) 0 Palau Island blind snake Palau, Micronesia
R. adocetus Wynn, Reynolds, Buden, Falanruw & Lynch, 2012 0 Caroline Islands, Micronesia
R. angusticeps (W. Peters, 1877) 0 Arboreal blind snake Solomon Islands
R. becki (Tanner, 1948) 0 Beck's blind snake Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
R. bipartitus (Sauvage, 1879) 0 Southern New Guinea blind snake Tidore, Maluku Islands
R. conradi (Peters, 1875) 0 Conrad's worm snake Sulawesi, Indonesia
R. cumingii (Gray, 1845) 0 Cuming's blind snake Philippines
R. depressus (W. Peters, 1880) 0 Melanesia blind snake sw Pacific: Maluku; New Guinea; Bismarcks; Solomons; Fiji
R. exocoeti (Boulenger, 1887) 0 Christmas Island blind snake Christmas Island (Australia)
R. flaviventer (W. Peters, 1864) 0 Yellow-bellied blind snake Maluku; New Guinea; Fiji
R. hatmaliyeb Wynn, Reynolds, Buden, Falanruw, & Lynch, 2012 0 Caroline Islands, Micronesia
R. lineatus (Schlegel, 1839) 0 Striped blind snake, striped worm snake, lined blind snake Singapore
R. lorenzi (F. Werner, 1909) 0 Lorenz's blind snake Borneo
R. mansuetus (Barbour, 1921) 0 Small-headed blind snake Solomon Islands
R. marxi (Wallach, 1993) 0 Marx's worm snake Philippines
R.mollyozakiae (Wallach, 2020) 0 Molly Ozaki’s blind snake Thailand
R. multilineatusT (Schlegel, 1839) 0 Hook-nosed blind snake Kai Islands and Salawati, Indonesia
R. olivaceus (Gray, 1845) 0 Olive blind snake Borneo; Philippines; Sulawesi; Maluku; Solomon Islands
R. similis (Brongersma, 1934) 0 Manukwari blind snake New Guinea
R. suluensis Taylor, 1918 0 Sulu Archipelago, Philippines
R. supranasalis (Brongersma, 1934) 0 Salawati blind snake Salawati Island, Indonesia
R. willeyi (Boulenger, 1900) 0 Loyalty Islands blind snake Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia

*) A taxon author in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Ramphotyphlops.
**) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]
References

McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré TA (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).

"Ramphotyphlops". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 29 August 2007.

Further reading

Fitzinger L (1843). Systema Reptilium, Fasciculus Primus, Amblyglossae. Vienna: Braumüller & Seidel. 106 pp. + indices. (Ramphotyphlops, new genus, p. 24). (in Latin).

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ramphotyphlops.

Ramphotyphlops at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 29 August 2007.
Ramphotyphlops at Lamington National Park. Accessed 29 August 2007.

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