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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Booidea

Familia: Uropeltidae
Genus: Rhinophis
Species (22): R. blythii – R. dorsimaculatus – R. drummondhayi – R. erangaviraji – R. fergusonianus – R. goweri – R. gunasekarai – R. homolepis – R. lineatus – R. melanogaster – R. melanoleucus – R. oxyrhynchus – R. philippinus – R. phillipsi – R. porrectus – R. punctatus – R. roshanpererai – R. saffragamus – R. sanguineus – R. travancoricus – R. tricoloratus – R. zigzag
Name

Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820: 119

Type species: Anguis oxyrynchus Schneider, 1801, by subsequent designation by Wagler (1830: 195).

References
Primary references

Hemprich, W. 1820. Grundriss der Naturgeschichte fur hohere Lehranstalten. August Rücker: Berlin. 432 pp.

Additional references

Gower, D.J. & Maduwage, K. 2011. Two new species of Rhinophis Hemprich (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 2881: 51–68. Preview PDF
Gower, D.J. & Wickramsinghe, L.J.M. 2016. Recharacterization of Rhinophis dorsimaculatus Deraniyagala, 1941 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae), including description of new material. Zootaxa 4158(2): 203–212. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4158.2.3. Reference page.
Wickramasinghe, Mendis L.J., Vidanapathirana, D.R., Rajeev, M.D.G. & Gower, D.J. 2017. A new species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from the central hills of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4263(1): 153–164. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4263.1.7. Reference page.
Cyriac, V.P., Narayanan, S., Sampaio, F.L., Umesh, P. & Gower, D.J. 2020. A new species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from the Wayanad region of peninsular India. Zootaxa 4778(2): 329–342. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4778.2.5 Open access Reference page.
Wickramasinghe, J.L.M., Vidanapathirana, D.R., Wickramasinghe, N. & Gower, D.J. 2020. A new species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 (Reptilia: Uropeltidae), from cloud forest of the Knuckles massif of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4810(1): 65–80. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4810.1.3 Paywall Reference page.

Links

Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2021. Rhinophis . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 14 May 2020.
Rhinophis – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Vernacular names
English: Shieldtail Snakes

Rhinophis is a genus of nonvenomous shield tail snakes found in Sri Lanka and South India.[2] Currently, 24 species (with no subspecies) are recognized in this genus. Of the 24 species, 18 are endemic to Sri Lanka, while 6 are endemic to South India.[3]

Geographic range

Found mainly in Sri Lanka and also in southern India. In Sri Lanka, this genus also occurs in low plains in the dry zone.[1]
Species

Species[2] Taxon author[2] Common name Geographic range[1]
Rhinophis blythii Kelaart, 1853 Blyth's earth snake Sri Lanka in the hills of Central (Hatton and Pundluoya), Uva, Sabaragamuwa (Balangoda) and Southern Provinces.
Rhinophis dorsimaculatus Deraniyagala, 1941 Polka-dot earth snake[4] Sri Lanka. Known only from the type locality in North Western Province.
Rhinophis drummondhayi Wall, 1921 Drummond-Hay's earth snake Sri Lanka in the Hills of Central and Uva Provinces (Haldumulla, Nanunukula and Uva Patnas at 1,200 m elevation).
Rhinophis erangaviraji Wickramasinghe et al., 2009 Eranga Viraj's shield tail snake Sri Lanka.
Rhinophis fergusonianus Boulenger, 1896 Cardamom Hills shieldtail snake Southern India in the Western Ghats: Cardamom Hills, Travancore.
Rhinophis goweri Aengals & Ganesh, 2013 Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu in Bodha Malai Hills of Namakkal district.
Rhinophis gunasekarai Wickramasinghe, Vidanapathirana, Wickramasinghe, & Gower, 2020 Gunasekara’s sheildtail Sri Lanka (Central Province)
Rhinophis homolepis (Hemprich, 1820) Trevelyan's earth snake[4] Sri Lanka in the Hills of Sabaragamuwa (Ratnapura, Yatiyantota and Balangoda Hills below 900 m), Central and Uva Provinces.
Rhinophis karinthandani Sampaio et al., 2020[5] Sri Lanka: Wayanad.
Rhinophis lineatus Gower & Maduwage, 2011[6] striped rhinophis Sri Lanka
Rhinophis melanogaster (Gray, 1858) Gray's earth snake Sri Lanka
Rhinophis melanoleucus Cyriac, Narayanan, Sampaio, Umesh, & Gower, 2020 India (Kerala)
Rhinophis mendisi Gower, 2020 Sri Lanka
Rhinophis oxyrynchusT (Schneider, 1801) Schneider's earth snake Sri Lanka in the dry zone of Northern, Central and Eastern Provinces.
Rhinophis philippinus (Cuvier, 1829) Peters's Philippine earth snake Sri Lanka in the Hills of Sabaragamuwa and Central Provinces.
Rhinophis phillipsi (Nicholls, 1929) Phillips's earth snake Sri Lanka
Rhinophis porrectus Wall, 1921 Sri Lanka. Known only from the type locality in North Western Province.
Rhinophis punctatus J.P. Müller, 1832 Müller's earth snake Sri Lanka in Central (Kandy, Peradeniya) and Western Provinces (Puttalam).
Rhinophis roshanpererai Wickramasinghe et al., 2017[7] Roshan Perera's shieldtail Sri Lanka from central hills around Badulla
Rhinophis saffragamus (Kelaart, 1853) Large shieldtail snake Sri Lanka
Rhinophis sanguineus Beddome, 1863 Salty earth snake Southern India in the Western Ghats: Mysore (Koppa, Kalsa), Waynad, Nilgiris, Travancore and Tinnevelly Hills.
Rhinophis travancoricus Boulenger, 1893 Travancore earth snake Southern India: Travancore, from sea level to an elevation of about 1,200 m in the hills. In Trivandrum, Peermade, Mahendragiri, Ernakulam and Chenganacherry.
Rhinophis tricoloratus Deraniyagala, 1975 Sri Lanka. Known only from the type locality: "vicinity of the rain forest of Sinha Raja to the south west of Ratnapura at an elevation of 1,500 feet with a rainfall of over 200 inches per annum.
Rhinophis zigzag Gower & Maduwage, 2011[6] Zigzag rhinophis Sri Lanka

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]
References

McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
"Rhinophis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 1 September 2007.
Sampaio, Filipa L.; Narayanan, Surya; Cyriac, Vivek Philip; Venu, Govindappa; Gower, David J. (2020-11-18). "A new Indian species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 closely related to R. sanguineus Beddome, 1863 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae)". Zootaxa. 4881 (1): 1–24. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4881.1.1. ISSN 1175-5334.
The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
Sampaio, Filipa L.; Narayanan, Surya; Cyriac, Vivek Philip; Venu, Govindappa & Gower, David J. (2020-11-18). "A new Indian species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 closely related to R. sanguineus Beddome, 1863 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae)". Zootaxa. 4881 (1): 1–24. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4881.1.1.
Gower, D.J.; Mduwage, K. (2011). "Two new species of Rhinophis Hemprich (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from Sri Lanka" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2881: 51–68.
Wickramasinghe, L. J. Mendis; Vidanapathirana, Dulan Ranga; Rajeev, M. D. Gehan & Gower, David J. (2017). "A new species of Rhinophis Hemprich, 1820 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from the central hills of Sri Lanka". Zootaxa. 4263 (1): 153–164. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4263.1.7.

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