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Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Chondrostei
Ordo: Acipenseriformes

Familia: Acipenseridae
Subfamilia: Acipenserinae
Genus: Acipenser
Species (17): A. baerii - A. brevirostrum - A. dabryanus - A. fulvescens - A. gueldenstaedtii - A. medirostris - A. mikadoi - A. naccarii - A. nudiventris - A. oxyrinchus - A. persicus - A. ruthenus - A. schrenckii - A. sinensis - A. stellatus - A. sturio - A. transmontanus

Name

Acipenser Linnaeus, 1758
Gender: masculine
Type species: Acipenser sturio Linnaeus, 1758
Fixation: Linnean tautonymy

References

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: 237.
Acipenser in the World Register of Marine Species

Vernacular names
беларуская: Асятры
català: Esturió
čeština: Jeseter
dansk: Stør
Deutsch: Störe
English: Sturgeon
Esperanto: Acipensero
español: Esturión
eesti: Tuur
suomi: Sammet
français: Esturgeon
עברית: חידקן
Ido: Sturgo
italiano: Storione
日本語: チョウザメ
lietuvių: Eršketai
Nederlands: Steur
norsk nynorsk: Størar
polski: Jesiotry
português: Esturjão
русский: Осётр (рыба)
svenska: Stör
Türkçe: Mersin balığı
Tiếng Việt: Cá tầm
中文: 鲟属

Acipenser is a genus of sturgeons. With 17 living species (others are only known from fossil remains), it is the largest genus in the order Acipenseriformes. They are native to freshwater and estuarine systems of Eurasia and North America, and most species are threatened.[2] Several species also known to enter near-shore marine environments in the Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific oceans.

Living species

There are 17 living species:[2]

Acipenser baerii J. F. Brandt, 1869
Acipenser baerii baerii J. F. Brandt, 1869 (Siberian sturgeon)
Acipenser baerii baicalensis A. M. Nikolskii, 1896 (Baikal sturgeon)
Acipenser baerii stenorrhynchus A. M. Nikolskii, 1896
Acipenser brevirostrum Lesueur, 1818 (Shortnose sturgeon)
Acipenser dabryanus A. H. A. Duméril, 1869 (Yangtze sturgeon)
Acipenser fulvescens Rafinesque, 1817 (Lake sturgeon)
Acipenser gueldenstaedtii J. F. Brandt & Ratzeburg, 1833 (Russian sturgeon)
Acipenser medirostris Ayres, 1854 (Green sturgeon)
Acipenser mikadoi Hilgendorf, 1892 (Sakhalin sturgeon)
Acipenser naccarii Bonaparte, 1836 (Adriatic sturgeon)
Acipenser nudiventris Lovetsky, 1828 (Fringebarbel sturgeon)
Acipenser oxyrinchus Mitchill, 1815
Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi Vladykov, 1955 (Gulf sturgeon)
Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Mitchill, 1815 (Atlantic sturgeon)
Acipenser persicus Borodin, 1897 (Persian sturgeon)
Acipenser ruthenus Linnaeus, 1758 (Sterlet)
Acipenser schrenckii J. F. Brandt, 1869 (Japanese sturgeon)
Acipenser sinensis J. E. Gray, 1835 (Chinese sturgeon)
Acipenser stellatus Pallas, 1771 (Starry sturgeon)
Acipenser sturio Linnaeus, 1758 (European sea sturgeon)
Acipenser transmontanus J. Richardson, 1836 (White sturgeon)

Fossil species

There are 10 species known from fossil remains:[3]

†Acipenser albertensis Lambe 1902
†Acipenser cruciferus (Cope 1876)
†Acipenser eruciferus Cope 1876
Acipenser fulvescens Rafinesque, 1817 (also living)
†Acipenser gigantissimus Nessov 1997
†Acipenser molassicus Probst 1882
†Acipenser ornatus Leidy 1873
Acipenser oxyrinchus Mitchell 1815 (also living)
†Acipenser tuberculosus Probst 1882
†Acipenser toliapicus Agassiz 1844 ex Woodward 1889

References

"Acipenseridae" (PDF). Deeplyfish- fishes of the world. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). Species of Acipenser in FishBase. May 2019 version.
"Fossilworks: Acipenser". fossilworks.org. Retrieved 2019-04-17.

Fish Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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