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Ameiurus catus

Ameiurus catus

Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Otomorpha
Subcohors: Ostariophysi
Sectio: Otophysa
Ordo: Siluriformes

Familia: Ictaluridae
Genus: Ameiurus
Species: Ameiurus catus
Name

Ameiurus catus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Original combination: Silurus catus

References

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: 305. Reference page.
Ameiurus catus in FishBase,
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds.) 2022. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication, www.fishbase.org, version 08/2021.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Weißer Katzenwels
English: White catfish, white bullhead
français: Poisson-chat blanc
中文: 犀目鮰

The white bullhead (Ameiurus catus), also known as the white catfish, is a member of the family Ictaluridae of the order Siluriformes.

Distribution

Originally native to the coastal river systems of the Eastern United States, the catfish spread to other parts of the U.S.
Description

Ameiurus catus has a head with eight barbels, two nasal, two maxillary and four chin. It is scaleless. It has a spine on the anterior edge of its dorsal and pectoral fins. It usually has six dorsal soft rays. It does not have palatine teeth. It typically weighs between 0.5 and 2.0 pounds (0.23 and 0.91 kg), however, it is possible to attain weights upwards of 10 pounds (4.5kg).
Habitat

Ameiurus catus is found throughout the U.S. It prefers sluggish, mud-bottom pools and backwaters of rivers and streams, and does well in lakes and large impediments.[2]
Behavior
Feeding

White catfish feed mostly on the bottom, where they eat other fish and aquatic insects. They feed most actively at dusk and through the night[3] mostly on bottom-dwelling insects, worms, amphipods, and other small invertebrates.
Reproduction

Reproduction occurs from April to July when the water temperature ranges between 65 and 75 °F. A gelatinous mass of eggs is deposited in a cavity created by hollow logs or undercut banks. The male guards the nest and incubates the eggs by continually fanning fresh water over them.[2]
See also

Bullhead catfish (general)

References

"Ameiurus catus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
http://www.hrla.com/NCFish/white-catfish.htm
http://www.lake-berryessa.com/Wildlife.html

Fish Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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