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Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Anabantaria
Ordo: Anabantiformes
Subordo: Anabantoidei

Familia: Anabantidae
Genera (4): Anabas - Ctenopoma - Microctenopoma - Sandelia

Name

Anabantidae Bonaparte, 1831
References

Regan, C.T., 1909. The Asiatic fishes of the family Anabantidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1909 (pt 4) (art. 2) (for 9 Nov. 1909): 767-787, Pls. 77-79. Online
Liem, K.F., 1963. The comparative osteology and phylogeny of the Anabantoidei (Teleostei, Pisces). Illinois Biological Monographs No. 30: i-viii + 1-149. BHL
Rüber, L., Britz, R. & Zardoya R., 2006. Molecular phylogenetics and evolutionary diversification of labyrinth fishes (Perciformes: Anabantoidei). Systematic Biology v. 55 (no. 3): 374–397. Online

Links

Anabantidae and its species in FishBase,
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds.) 2022. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication, www.fishbase.org, version 08/2021.
Genera of Anabantidae (including synonyms) in Catalog of Fishes, Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. & van der Laan, R. (eds.) 2022. Catalog of Fishes electronic version.
Anabantidae – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Anabantidae – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
Anabantidae in the World Register of Marine Species

Vernacular names
čeština: Lezounovití
Deutsch: Kletterfische und Buschfische
English: Climbing gourami
français: Anabantidé
italiano: Anabantidi
lietuvių: Šliaužikinės / Labirintinės žuvys
Nederlands: Labyrinthvissen of klimbaarzen
polski: Łaźcowate
svenska: Klätterfiskar
ไทย: วงศ์ปลาหมอ
українська: Анабасові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Cá rô đồng

The Anabantidae are a family of ray-finned fish within the order Anabantiformes commonly called the climbing gouramies or climbing perches.[2] The family includes about 34 species. As labyrinth fishes, they possess a labyrinth organ, a structure in the fish's head which allows it to breathe atmospheric oxygen. Fish of this family are commonly seen gulping at air at the surface of the water. The air is held in a structure called the suprabranchial chamber, where oxygen diffuses into the bloodstream via the respiratory epithelium covering the labyrinth organ. This therefore allows the fish to move small distances across land.
Climbing perch (Anabas testudineus) on land
Genera

There are four extant genera within the family Anabantidae:[2]

Anabas Cloquet, 1816
Ctenopoma Peters, 1844
Microctenopoma Norris, 1995
Sandelia (Castelnau, 1861)

There is also at least one extinct genus known:[3]

†Eoanabas Wu, Chang, Miao et al, 2016

Of the four genera, Anabas is found from South Asia (they are called (Tamil: பனையேறி கெண்டை (Panaieri Kendai) chemballi (Malayalam: urulan sugu/Karippidi) in Kerala, kau (odia : କଉ ମାଛ) in Odisha, India, Kawoi maas(কাৱৈ মাছ) in Assamese, kawaiya in Sri Lanka, Bangla: কই মাছ (koi mach), east to China and Southeast Asia. The remaining three genera are all restricted to Africa. They are primarily freshwater fishes and only very rarely are found in brackish water. Parental care is varied; Anabas and Ctenopoma simply abandon their eggs, Microctenopoma species produce bubblenests like their relatives in the Osphronemidae, and Sandelia lays their eggs on the substrate.

Climbing gouramis are so named due to their ability to "climb" out of water and "walk" short distances. Even though it has not been reliably observed, some authors have mentioned about them having a tree climbing ability. Their method of terrestrial locomotion uses the gill plates as supports, and the fish pushes itself using its fins and tail.

References

Richard van der Laan; William N. Eschmeyer & Ronald Fricke (2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (2): 001–230. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1. PMID 25543675.
Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2019). "Anabantidae" in FishBase. August 2019 version.

Feixiang Wu; Desui Miao; Mee-mann Chang; Gongle Shi & Ning Wang (2017). "Fossil climbing perch and associated plant megafossils indicate a warm and wet central Tibet during the late Oligocene". Scientific Reports. 7 (878): 878. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00928-9. PMC 5429824. PMID 28408764.

"Anabantidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved April 28, 2004.

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