Cranoglanis is the only genus of catfishes (order Siluriformes) in the family Cranoglanididae, the armorhead catfishes. This family contains only three species, C. bouderius, C. henrici, and C. multiradiatus.
Cranoglanis bouderius was first described as Bagrus bouderius in 1846 by John Richardson based on a Chinese watercolor painting. Wilhelm Peters later described Cranoglanis along with a new species, Cranoglanis sinensis. Koller (1926) described a new species, Pseudotropichthys multiradiatus. Myers (1931) synonymized Pseudotropichthys with Cranoglanis, as well as describing the family Cranoglanididae. Jayaram (1955) synonymized C. multiradiatus and C. sinensis under C. bouderius. More recently, C. bouderius and C. multiradiatus have been treated as separate species. C. henrici, described by Léon Vaillant in 1893, is often overlooked, but is a valid species.
In 2005, Cranoglanis had been considered a monotypic genus by some, with C. bouderius as the only valid species.
Cranoglanididae is closely related to the North American family Ictaluridae. These two families are sister taxa in the superfamily Ictaluroidea.
Distribution and habitat
These fish are found in large fresh water rivers in China and Vietnam. C. henrici is only known from the Red River drainage. C. bouderius is found in the Kwangsi province of China and is found in river bottoms with clear water flows.
Appearance and anatomy
These fish have a short dorsal fin. The caudal fin is deeply forked. The eyes are larged. The body is scaleless, though there are rough bony plates on the top of the head. These fish have four pairs of barbels. C. bouderius grows to a length of 43 centimetres (17 in) SL and has a maximum published weight of 2.2 kilograms (4.9 lb). C. henrici reaches a length of about 29 centimetres (11 in) SL.
C. bouderius lives on shrimps and small fishes.
Relationship to humans
This fish is delicious and is the main edible of the Zhujiang River valley.
1. ^ a b Ferraris, Carl J., Jr. (2007). "Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types" (PDF). Zootaxa 1418: 1–628. http://silurus.acnatsci.org/ACSI/library/biblios/2007_Ferraris_Catfish_Checklist.pdf.
Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License