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Lophotidae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Lampridiomorpha
Ordo: Lampridiformes
Familia: Lophotidae
Genera: Eumecichthys - Lophotus

References

* Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2006. FishBase, version (02/2006). [1]

Vernacular names

Crestfishes are lampriform fishes in the family Lophotidae. They are elongate ribbon-like fishes, silver in color, found in deep tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. Their scientific name is from Greek lophos meaning "crest" and refer to the crest (part of the dorsal fin) that emerges from the snout and head; this structure gives them their other name of unicorn fishes.

They possess ink sacs that open into their cloaca from which they can produce a cloud of black ink when threatened (as in many cephalopods).

Species

There are three extant species in two genera:

* Genus Eumecichthys
o Unicorn crestfish, Eumecichthys fiski (G√ľnther, 1890).
* Genus Lophotus
o North Pacific crestfish, Lophotus capellei (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845).
o Crested oarfish, Lophotus lacepede Giorna, 1809.


References

* Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Lophotidae" in FishBase. February 2006 version.

Biology Encyclopedia

Fish Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License