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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Ostariophysi
Ordo: Siluriformes
Familia: Mochokidae
Genus: Microsynodontis
Species: M. armata - M. batesii - M. emarginata - M. hirsuta - M. laevigata - M. lamberti - M. nannoculus - M. nasuta - M. notata - M. polli - M. vigilis


Microsynodontis Boulenger, 1903e: 26

Type species: Microsynodontis batesii Boulenger, 1903. Type by monotypy. Gender: Feminine.


* Boulenger, G.A. 1903: On the fishes collected by Mr. G. L. Bates in southern Cameroon. Proceedings of the General Meetings for Scientific Business of the Zoological Society of London, 1 (pt 1): 21-29, Pls. 1-5.
* Vigliotta, T.R. 2008: A phylogenetic study of the African catfish family Mochokidae (Osteichthyes, Ostariophysi, Silurigormes), with a key to genera. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 157: 73-136.
* Ferraris, C.J., Jr. 2007: Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa, 1418: 1-628. [1]

Vernacular names
English: Catfish

Microsynodontis is a genus of catfishes (order Siluriformes) of the family Mochokidae.

Microsynodontis species are occasionally imported for the aquarium trade.[1] Very little is known about their biology.[1]


It can be difficult to identify species of Microsynodontis as their coloration can be highly variable within each species, and color patterns may even change as a fish grows; to identify based on coloration, an understanding of the limits of variation is necessary.[1]

Microsynodontis species express sexual dimorphism. Males can be distinguished by the presence of a conical genital papilla immediately posterior to the anus; in females, this papilla is smaller and has a flattened tip. Males also have a much denser aggregation of tubercles on the head. In M. hirsutus these tubercles are longer than in the other species.


This genus includes eleven or twelve species. The validity of M. christyi, sometimes considered as a synonym of M. batesii, has been argued.[1][2]

Species, including M. chrystyi, are as follows:

Microsynodontis armatus Ng, 2004
Microsynodontis batesii Boulenger, 1903
Microsynodontis chrystyi Boulenger, 1920
Microsynodontis emarginata Ng, 2004
Microsynodontis hirsuta Ng, 2004
Microsynodontis laevigata Ng, 2004
Microsynodontis lamberti Poll & Gosse, 1963
Microsynodontis nannoculus Ng, 2004
Microsynodontis nasutus Ng, 2004
Microsynodontis notata Ng, 2004
Microsynodontis polli Lambert, 1958
Microsynodontis vigilis Ng, 2004


^ a b c d Ng, Heok Hee (2004). "The Microsynodontis (Teleostei: Siluriformes: Mochokidae) of the lower Guinea region, west central Africa, with the description of eight new species". Zootaxa 531: 1–52.
^ Ferraris, Carl J., Jr. (2007). "Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types" (PDF). Zootaxa 1418: 1–628.

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