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Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Gobiaria
Ordo: Gobiiformes
Subordo: Gobioidei

Familia: Gobiidae
Subfamilia: Gobiinae
Genus: Valenciennea
Species: V. alleni – V. bella – V. decora – V. helsdingenii – V. immaculata – V. limicola – V. longipinnis – V. muralis – V. parva – V. persica – V. puellaris – V. randalli – V. sexguttata – V. strigata – V. wardii – V. yanoi
Name

Valenciennea Bleeker, 1856: 412

Type species: Eleotris strigata ♀ Valenciennes, 1837 (= Gobius strigatus Broussonet, 1782). Type by monotypy.
Synonyms

Calleleotris Gill, 1863: 270
Eleotriodes Bleeker [P.] 1857: 372
Gergobius (subgenus of Calleleotris) Whitley, 1930: 22
Salarigobius Pfeffer, 1893: 141
Valenciennesia Bleeker, 1874: 307

References

Bleeker, P. 1856: Bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van het eiland Boeroe. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië, 11: 383–414.
Hoese, D.F. & H.K. Larson 1994: Revision of the Indo-Pacific gobiid fish genus Valenciennea, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes, 23: 1–71.

Vernacular names
English: Sleeper Gobies

Valenciennea is a genus of small, bottom-dwelling fish in the family Gobiidae. They are found over sandy bottoms, often at coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific. The members of the genus tend to rest directly on the substrate for extended periods of time. While this is a common behavior for members of the family, this genus also float motionless directly above the substrate, which is why they are sometimes called glider gobies. Their resting behavior has resulted in the vernacular name "sleeper gobies", which invites confusion with the related family Eleotridae. The members of this genus are known to be carnivorous sand-sifters; to eat, they simply engulf entire mouthfuls of sand which they expel through their gills. Specialized structures in their gills filter small crustaceans and worms as the sand is expelled. It is this specific trait that makes some members of the genus attractive to the marine aquarist, and they are often introduced into a marine aquarium for sand-sifting. Some of the species are known to be monogamous. The genus was named after notable French zoologist Achille Valenciennes.[1] These fish are difficult to keep in a tank. Tanks with plenty of live sand and live rock are recommended. Offer foods such as sinking shrimp pellets. Fish may die even if eating properly.
Species

There are currently 16 recognized species in this genus:

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Valenciennea alleni Hoese & Larson, 1994 Allen's glidergoby from northern Australia, from Shark Bay, Western Australia to Decapolis Reef, Queensland.
Valenciennea bella Hoese & Larson, 1994 Bella goby Okinawa, Japan and the Philippines.
Valenciennea decora Hoese & Larson, 1994 Decorated glidergoby Australia, New Caledonia, and Fiji.
Twostripe goby (Valenciennea helsdingenii) (42703344194).jpg Valenciennea helsdingenii (Bleeker, 1858) Two-stripe goby the coast of East Africa, the southern Red Sea, the Maldives, southeast India and Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Australia, western Oceania, and Japan.
Valenciennea immaculata (Y. Ni, 1981) Red-lined sleepergoby Taiwan, Macao, Hong Kong, Philippines, and from Western Australia to Sydney, New South Wales (Australia).
Valenciennea limicola Hoese & Larson, 1994 Mud goby known only from Thailand and Fiji. Recorded from Bali, Indonesia
ValenciennLongipinnMarkShepherd.jpg Valenciennea longipinnis (Lay & E. T. Bennett, 1839) Long-finned goby the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean
Valenciennea muralis (Valenciennes, 1837) Mural goby widely distributed in the eastern Indian Ocean and western tropical Pacific.
Parva goby (Valenciennea parva) (32168554717).jpg Valenciennea parva Hoese & Larson, 1994 Parva goby Ashmore Reef, Maldives, and Seychelles to Oceania, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Valenciennea persica Hoese & Larson, 1994 Persian Gulf to Masirah Island, central Oman.
OtomeHZ.jpg Valenciennea puellaris (Tomiyama, 1956) Maiden goby the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.
Greenband goby (Valenciennea randalli) (38847420180).jpg Valenciennea randalli Hoese & Larson, 1994 Green-band goby Ryukyu Islands, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Malaysia, Palau, Indonesia and the Great Barrier Reef.
Sixspot goby (Valenciennea sexgutata) (48853176787).jpg Valenciennea sexguttata (Valenciennes, 1837) Six-spot goby the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean.
Bluestreak goby (Valenciennea strigata) (29818350308).jpg Valenciennea strigata (Broussonet, 1782) Blue-band goby the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean
Widebarred goby (Valenciennea wardii) (38847419670).jpg Valenciennea wardii (Playfair (fr), 1867) Ward's sleepergoby the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean
Valenciennea yanoi T. Suzuki, Senou & J. E. Randall, 2016 [2] Japan

References

Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2016). Species of Valenciennea in FishBase. January 2016 version.
Suzuki, T., Senou, H. & Randall, J.E. (2016): Valenciennea yanoi, a new gobiid fish from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation, 21: 1–9.

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