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Zungaro zungaro

Zungaro zungaro

Superregnum : Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Otomorpha
Subcohors: Ostariophysi
Sectio: Otophysa
Ordo: Siluriformes

Familia: Pimelodidae
Genus: Zungaro
Species: Zungaro zungaro
Subspecies:Z. z. mangurus – Z. z. zungaro
Name

Zungaro zungaro (Humboldt and Valenciennes, 1821)
Synonyms

Pimelodus zungaro Humboldt, 1821
Bagrus flavicans Castelnau, 1855
Brachyplatystoma flavicans (Castelnau, 1855)
Zungaro humboldtii Bleeker, 1858
Paulicea luetkeni (Steindachner, 1877)

References

Zungaro zungaro – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Vernacular names
English: Gilded catfish, Dorado catfish
português: jaú, jundiá-da-lagoa

The gilded catfish or jau (Zungaro zungaro) is a South American catfish (order Siluriformes) of the family Pimelodidae. Also known as manguruyu or black manguruyu.[1]

Taxonomy

By some sources, it is the only species of the monotypic genus Zungaro.[2] However, some sources list other species as valid, such as Zungaro jahu.[3] This species may be referred to by one of its synonyms, Brachyplatystoma flavicans.[4] This species contains two subspecies, Z. z. mangurus and Z. z. zungaro.[5]
Distribution and habitat

They are sexually mature upon reaching 10 kg (22 lb) weight.[4] This fish native to the Orinoco and Amazon basins; in the Amazon, this fish is found quite upstream, in the main bed of the big tributaries with muddy bottoms.[4]
Description

This fish reaches 140 cm (55 in) in total length, and specimens measuring 130 cm (51 in) and weighing 50 kg (110 lb) are not rare.[4] These fish are mainly piscivorous, hunt at night, and sometimes go into flood-prone areas of rivers. Some migrations in pursuit of migrating Triportheus and Anodus have been reported. The nursery ground is at the mouths of rivers.[4]
References

"Common names of Zungaro zungaro". fishbase.se.
Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). Species of Zungaro in FishBase. May 2007 version.
Ferraris, Carl J., Jr. (2007). "Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1418: 1–628.
Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2012). "Zungaro zungaro" in FishBase. February 2012 version.
"Zungaro zungaro". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 26 May 2007.

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