Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Spiralia
Cladus: Lophotrochozoa
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Gastropodae
Subclassis: Orthogastropoda
Superordo: Heterobranchia
Ordo: Pulmonata
Subordo: Eupulmonata
Clade: Stylommatophora
Cladus: Orthurethra
Informal group: Sigmurethra
Superfamilia: Limacoidea
Familia: Agriolimacidae
Subfamilia: Agriolimacinae - Mesolimacinae


Agriolimacidae H. Wagner, 1935


* Wagner, H. 1935. Diagnosen neuer Limaciden aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Wien. Zoologischer Anzeiger 95: 174.
* Wiktor, A. 2000. Agriolimacidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) — a systematic monograph. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 49(3): 387.

Agriolimacidae is a family of small and medium sized land slugs, or shell-less snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks.


Distribution of Limacidae is Holarctic,[1] this include: Nearctic, western Palearctic and eastern Palearctic.[4]

Agriolimacidae is the largest slug family, some are introduced all over the world, synanthropes are often severe pests.[1]
This view of the right side of Deroceras praecox clearly shows the position of its pneumostome.

Most slugs in the family Agriolimacidae are rather small; only a few (in the genera Mesolimax and Krynickillus) are larger. Most are not more than 50 mm long.[1] The mantle is usually large, occupying approximately 1/3 of the entire body length, situated in the anterior part of the body.[1] The pneumostome is clearly postmedial.[1] The surface of the mantle in living slugs is covered in concentric, mobile wrinkles.[1] In addition sometimes there is a shallow, poorly defined groove which runs above the pneumostome on the right side, not passing to the left.[1]

The penis is short, usually bag-shaped, often with external appendages, inside with different stimulatory organs.[1] No tubular membrane encircles the penis and vas deferens.[1] The penis retractor muscle is situated beside the right tentacle.[1]

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 26 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[5]

The following two subfamilies have been recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):

* subfamily Agriolimacinae H. Wagner, 1935 - synonym: Deroceratinae Magne, 1952
* subfamily Mesolimacinae Hausdorf, 1998


Genera within the family Agriolimacidae include:

subfamily Agriolimacinae

* Deroceras Rafinesque, 1820 - type genus described as Agriolimax Mörch, 1865
* Furcopenis Castillejo & Wiktor, 1983
* Krynickillus Kaleniczenko, 1851

subfamily Mesolimacinae

* Mesolimax Pollonera, 1888
o Mesolimax brauni Pollonera, 1888

subfamily ?

* Lytopelte Boettger, 1886
* Megalopelte Lindholm, 1914

This article incorporates public domain text from the reference.[1]

1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Family summary for Agriolimacidae". AnimalBase, last change 23-05-2010, accessed 4 August 2010
2. ^ a b "Genera in family Agriolimacidae" [n = 6]. AnimalBase, accessed 10 September 2010.
3. ^ Wiktor, A. (2000). "Agriolimacidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata): a systematic monograph". Annales Zoologici 49: 347-590. abstract
4. ^ a b Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
5. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.

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