Frederick Frost Blackman

Frederick Frost Blackman (25 July 1866 – 30 January 1947) was a British plant physiologist. He studied plant photosynthesis and proposed the Law of Limiting Factors.

Frederick Blackman was born in London to a doctor. He studied medicine at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. In the subsequent years, he studied natural sciences at Cambridge University.

He conducted research in Cambridge until his retirement in 1936.

Blackman’s law of limiting factors

Blackman proposed the law of limiting factors in 1905. According to this law, when a process depends on a number of factors, its rate is limited by the pace of the slowest factor. Blackman's law of limiting factors determines the rate of photosynthesis.
The standard author abbreviation F.F.Blackman is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a botanical name.[1]


1. ^ "Author Query". International Plant Names Index.

* "In Memoriam: Frederick Frost Blackman, July 25, 1866-January 30, 1947." Plant Physiology. 1947 July; 22(3): ii–viii. on Pubmedcentral.
* Briggs, G.E. (1970–80). "Blackman, Frederick Frost". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 183-185. ISBN 0684101149.
* Factors influencing photosynthesis

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