- Art Gallery -

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Basidiomycota
Subdivisio: Agaricomycotina
Classis: Agaricomycetes
Subclassis: Agaricomycetidae
Ordo: Agaricales
Subordo: Agaricineae

Familia: Agaricaceae
Genus: Macrolepiota
Section: M. sect. Macrolepiota – M. sect. Macrosporae – M. sect. Volvatae

Species (incertae sedis): M. africana – M. albida – M. albuminosa – M. ampliospora – M. bonaerensis – M. brasiliensis – M. brunnescens – M. campestris – M. citrinascens – M. crustosa – M. fornica – M. fuligineosquarrosa – M. imbricata – M. kerandi – M. mallea – M. odorata – M. olivascens – M. prominens – M. rhacodes – M. rubescens – M. stercoraria – M. venenata – M. zeyheri
Name

Macrolepiota Singer, 1948

Type species: Macrolepiota procera (Scop.) Singer, 1948
Synonyms

Lepiotella Rick, Lilloa 2: 251 (1938)

References
Primary references

Singer, R. 1948. New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes. II. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences. 32:103-150

Links

Index Fungorum: IF 18007
MycoBank: MB 18007

Vernacular names
čeština: bedla
հայերեն: Հովանոցասունկ
русский: Гриб-зонтик
中文: 大环柄菇属

Macrolepiota is a genus of white spored, gilled mushrooms of the family Agaricaceae. The best-known member is the parasol mushroom (M. procera). The widespread genus contains about 40 species.

Taxonomy

Macrolepiota was circumscribed by Rolf Singer in 1948, with Macrolepiota procera as the type species.[5]

DNA studies have split this genus into three clades. The macrolepiota clade includes M. procera, M. clelandii, M. dolichaula and closely related species. The macrosporae clade includes species such as M. mastoidea, M. konradii, and M. orientiexcoriata, while the volvatae clade includes M. velosa and M. eucharis.[6][7]
Uses

Macrolepiota procera, the parasol mushroom, is a well-known and highly esteemed edible species in much of Europe.[8] Macrolepiota albuminosa is eaten in Chinese cuisine, where it is called jīzōng (鸡枞; literally "chicken fir tree").
Species

As of October 2015, Index Fungorum accepts 42 species of Macrolepiota:[9]

Macrolepiota africana (R.Heim) Heinem. 1969 – Cameroon
Macrolepiota albida Heinem. 1969
Macrolepiota albuminosa (Berk.) Pegler 1972
Macrolepiota ampliospora Sosin 1960
Macrolepiota bonaerensis (Speg.) Singer 1951 – São Paulo
Macrolepiota brasiliensis (Rick) Raithelh. 1988
Macrolepiota brunnescens Vellinga 2003
Macrolepiota campestris Lebedeva ex Samgina 1983
Macrolepiota citrinascens Vasas 1990
Macrolepiota clelandii Grgur. 1997 – Australasia
Macrolepiota colombiana Franco-Mol. 1999
Macrolepiota crustosa L.P. Shao & C.T. Xiang 1980 – China[10]
Macrolepiota detersa Z.W.Ge, Zhu L.Yang & Vellinga 2010 – China[7]
Macrolepiota dolichaula (Berk. & Broome) Pegler & R.W.Rayner 1969
Macrolepiota eucharis Vellinga & Halling 2003 – Australia[11]
Macrolepiota excoriata (Schaeff.) Wasser 1978
Macrolepiota fornica Raithelh. 1988
Macrolepiota fuligineosquarrosa Malençon 1979 – Morocco[12]
Macrolepiota fuliginosa (Barla) Bon 1977 – Great Britain
Macrolepiota gasteroidea T.Lebel 2011 – Australia[13]
Macrolepiota gracilenta (Krombh.) Wasser 1978
Macrolepiota imbricata (Henn.) Pegler 1966
Macrolepiota kerandi (Speg.) Singer 1951
Macrolepiota konradii (Huijsman ex P.D.Orton) M.M.Moser 1967
Macrolepiota mallea (Berk.) Manjula 1983
Macrolepiota mastoidea (Fr.) Singer 1951 – Europe, Australia
Macrolepiota odorata Heinem. 1969
Macrolepiota orientiexcoriata Z.W.Ge, Zhu L.Yang & Vellinga 2010 – China[7]
Macrolepiota permixta (Barla) Pacioni 1979 – Great Britain
Macrolepiota phaeodisca Bellù 1984 – Spain
Macrolepiota procera (Scop.) Singer 1948 – Europe
Macrolepiota prominens (Sacc.) M.M.Moser 1967
Macrolepiota psammophila Guinb. 1996
Macrolepiota pulchella de Meijer & Vellinga 2003
Macrolepiota rubescens (L.M.Dufour) Pázmány 1985
Macrolepiota stercoraria (Rick) Raithelh. 1988
Macrolepiota subcitrophylla Z.W.Ge 2012 – China[14]
Macrolepiota turbinata T.Lebel 2011 – Australia[13]
Macrolepiota velosa Vellinga & Zhu L.Yang 2003 – China[15]
Macrolepiota vinaceofibrillosa T.Lebel 2011 – Australia[13]
Macrolepiota zeyheri (Berk. & Singer) Heinem. 1962

See also

List of Agaricaceae genera
List of Agaricales genera

References

"Macrolepiota Singer 1948". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-11-27.
Rick JE. (1938). "Agarici Riograndenses". Lilloa. 2: 251–316.
Locquin M. (1952). "Sur la non-validité de quelques genres d'Agaricales". Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France (in French). 68: 165–69.
Singer R. (1959). "Dos generos de hongos nuevos para Argentina". Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica (in Spanish). 8 (1): 9–13.
Singer R. (1948). "New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes. II". Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences. 32: 103–50.
Vellinga EC, de Kok RP, Bruns TD (2003). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae)". Mycologia. 95 (3): 442–56. doi:10.2307/3761886. JSTOR 3761886. PMID 21156633.
Ge ZW, Yang ZL, Vellinga EC (2010). "The genus Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae, Basidiomycota) in China" (PDF). Fungal Diversity. 45 (1): 81–98. doi:10.1007/s13225-010-0062-0. S2CID 42451518. open access
Parasol Mushroom - Private mushroom record of Józef Bossowski
Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 28th September 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2015-10-22.
Shao LP, Xiang CT (1980). "The study on the Macrolepiota spp. in China". Journal of Northeastern Forestry Institute. 8 (4): 35–38.
Vellinga EC. (2003). "Chlorophyllum and Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae) in Australia". Australian Systematic Botany. 16 (3): 361–370. doi:10.1071/SB02013.
Malençon G. (1979). "Champignons du Maroc". Beihefte zur Sydowia (in French). 8: 258–267.
Lebel T, Syme A (2012). "Sequestrate species of Agaricus and Macrolepiota from Australia: new species and combinations and their position in a calibrated phylogeny". Mycologia. 104 (2): 496–520. doi:10.3852/11-092. PMID 22067305. S2CID 26266778. open access
Ge ZW, Chen ZH, Yang ZL (2012). "Macrolepiota subcitrophylla sp. nov., a new species with yellowish lamella from southwest China". Mycoscience. 53 (4): 284–289. doi:10.1007/s10267-011-0167-7. S2CID 84732479.
Vellinga EC, Yang ZL (2003). "Volvolepiota and Macrolepiota – Macrolepiota velosa, a new species from China" (PDF). Mycotaxon. 85: 183–186.

Fungi Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World