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Ephedra distachya

Ephedra distachya, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Gnetophyta
Classis: Gnetopsida
Ordo: Gnetales
Familia: Ephedraceae
Genus: Ephedra
Species: Ephedra distachya
Subspecies: E. d. subsp. distachya - E. d. subsp. helvetica - E. d. subsp. monostachya


Ephedra distachya L.


* Species Plantarum 2:1040. 1753
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names
Español: Belcho, Uva de Mar
Français: Raisin de Mer
Türkçe: Ebu Cehil Çalıları


Ephedra distachya (syn. E. vulgaris) is a shrub in the family Ephedraceae, about 25 cm to 50 cm high, that grows in southern Europe and parts of western and central Asia. Its local names include somlatha.


It is used to relieve acute muscular and rheumatic pains (when it is called teamsters' tea), as a stimulant, and in the cardio tonics in Ayurveda.[citation needed] It is sometimes identified with the legendary drug soma, as described in the Avesta and the Rig Veda, the respective ancient sacred texts of the Zoroastrian and Hindu faiths.

Ephedrine, the salt of an alkaloid, is obtained from its dried branches and is used as a stimulant, often to control asthma. It was isolated from the plant by Nagayoshi Nagai in 1885. All parts of the plant contain up to 3% ephedrine.[2]


1. ^ "Ephedra distachya information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?15219. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
2. ^ "Meerträubel (Ephedra distachya) im GIFTPFLANZEN.COMpendium - www.giftpflanzen.com". www.giftpflanzen.com. http://www.giftpflanzen.com/ephedra_distachya.html. Retrieved 2008-04-18.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License