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Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Subclassis: Rosidae
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Ingeae
Genus: Abarema
Species: A. adenophora - A. auriculata - A. barbouriana - A. brachystachya - A. cochleata - A. cochliacarpos - A. filamentosa - A. jupunba - A. mataybifolia - A. turbinata - A. villifera

Name

Abarema Pittier

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Abarema is a neotropical genus of large trees in the legume family (Fabaceae). They grow from Mexico (Abarema idiopoda) to Bolivia. Most of the species can be found in the Amazon Basin and the Guyana Highlands. They have a deep-green fernlike foliage, with bipinnately compound leaves. For lack of a better name, they are collectively called abaremas.

Species

Following the 1996 revision, there are currently about 45 species. In older works, the entire genus is usually included within Pithecellobium.[1]

* Abarema abbottii – Abbot Abarema
* Abarema acreana (provisionally placed here)
* Abarema adenophorum
* Abarema agropecuaria
* Abarema alexandri – Shadbark Abarema
o Abarema alexandri var. alexandri – Typical Shadbark Abarema; Tamarind Shadbark (Jamaica)
o Abarema alexandri var. trogana – Troy Shadbark Abarema; Shadbark (Jamaica)
* Abarema aspleniifolia – Spleen-leaved Abarema
* Abarema auriculata (Benth.) Barneby & J.W.Grimes – guarango maní
* Abarema barbouriana – Barbour Abarema
o Abarema barbouriana var. barbouriana
* Abarema brachystachya
* Abarema callejasii
* Abarema campestris
* Abarema centiflora
* Abarema cochleata
o Abarema cochleata var. moniliformis
* Abarema cochliocarpos – Barbatimo
* Abarema commutata
* Abarema curvicarpa
o Abarema curvicarpa var. rodriguesii
* Abarema ferruginea
* Abarema filamentosa
* Abarema floribunda
* Abarema gallorum
* Abarema ganymedea
* Abarema glauca – Glaucous Abarema
* Abarema idiopoda (S.F.Blake) Barneby & J.W.Grimes
* Abarema josephi
* Abarema jupunba – Delmare Abarema, Crabwood, Dalmare, Delmare, Jumbie Head, Soapy-soapy; Wild Tamarin (Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
o Abarema jupunba var. jupunba
o Abarema jupunba var. trapezifolia
* Abarema killipii
* Abarema langsdorfii
* Abarema lehmannii
* Abarema leucophylla
o Abarema leucophylla var. vaupesensis
* Abarema levelii
* Abarema longipedunculata
* Abarema macradenia – Panama Abarema
* Abarema microcalyx
* Abarema mataybifolia
* Abarema nipensis
* Abarema obovalis
* Abarema obovata – Obovate Abarema
* Abarema oppositifolia – Opposite-leaved Abarema
* Abarema oxyphyllidia
* Abarema piresii
* Abarema racemiflora
* Abarema ricoae
* Abarema turbinata
* Abarema villifera
* Abarema zollerana

Formerly placed here

* Archidendron bigeminum (as Abarema abeywickramae, A. bigemina, A. monadelpha)
* Archidendron grandiflorum (as Abarema grandiflora)
* Archidendron hendersonii (as Abarema hendersonii)

Footnotes

1. ^ Barneby & Grimes (1996), ILDIS (2005)

References

* Barneby, R.C. & Grimes, J.W. (1996): Silk Tree, Guanacaste, Monkey's Earring: A generic system for the synandrous Mimosaceae of the Americas. Part I. Abarema, Albizia, and Allies. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 74(1): 1-292. ISBN 0-89327-395-3
* International Legume Database & Information Service (ILDIS) (2005): Genus Abarema. Version 10.01, November 2005. Retrieved 2008-MAR-31.

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