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Abroma augustum

Abroma augustum

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Byttnerioideae
Tribus: Byttnerieae
Genus: Abroma
Species: Abroma augustum
Name

Abroma augustum (L.) L.f. (1781 publ. 1782)
Synonyms

Basionym
Theobroma augustum L. Syst. Nat., ed. 12, 2: 233. 1767.

Homotypic
Abroma fastuosum Jacq., Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3: 3, t. 1. 1776, nom. illeg.

Heterotypic
Abroma alatum Blanco, Fl. Filip. 605. 1837.
Abroma angulatum Lam. in Lam. & al., Encycl. 1(1): 126. 1783.
Abroma angulosum Poir. in Lam. & al., Encycl. Suppl. 1. 322. 1810.
Abroma commune Blanco, Fl. Filip. 606. 1837.
Abroma denticulatum Miq., Pl. Jungh. 3: 288. 1854.
Abroma elongatum Lam. in Lam. & al., Encycl. 1(1): 127. 1783.
Abroma fastuosum R.Br. in Aiton, Hort. Kew., ed. 2, 4: 409. 1812.
Abroma javanicum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 183. 1859.
Abroma mariae Mart., Denkschr. Bayer. Ges. 3: 297. 1837-43.
Abroma molle DC., Prodr. 1: 485. 1824.
Abroma obliquum C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 143. 1835.
Abroma sinuosum G.Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard. 4: 482. 1888.
Abroma wheleri Retz., Observ. Bot. 5: 27. 1788.
Herrania mariae (Mart.) Decne. ex Goudot, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 2: 233. 1844.
Theobroma mariae (Mart.) K.Schum. in Mart. (ed.), Fl. Bras. 12(3): 71. 1886.

References

Linnaeus, C. (filius) (1781 publ. 1782) Supplementum Plantarum Systematis Vegetabilium Editionis Decimae Tertiae, Generum Plantarum Editiones Sextae, et Specierum Plantarum Editionis Secundae. Editum a Carolo a Linné. Brunsvigae [Braunschweig] 341, as "Ambroma augusta"
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Abroma augustum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Abroma augustum, sometimes written Abroma augusta,[2] Devil's cotton, is a species of Abroma (Sterculiaceae, or Malvaceae in some classifications). It has dark red flowers with an characteristic and unusual appearance. It is widely distributed in Asia. It was previously thought to grow in north Queensland but the most recent survey did not find it.

The leaves and stems are covered with soft bristly hairs that are very irritating to the touch. The bark yields a jute-like fiber.

The species was first described, as Theobroma augustum (or Theobroma augusta) by Carl Linnaeus in 1768.[3]
Cultivation

In the greenhouse, plants bloom from late spring to early summer. Dark maroon flowers are formed in terminal panicles. Individual flowers are up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) across.

Abroma augustum is propagated from seed. Seed germinate in 21–30 days at 72 °F (24 °C).
References

The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 22 March 2016
Sterculiaceae Abroma augustum (L.) L.f., retrieved 2016-03-22
Sterculiaceae Theobroma augustum L., retrieved 2019-05-26

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