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Abrus pulchellus - Showy Rosary Pea at Peravoor (2)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Abreae
Genus: Abrus
Species: Abrus melanospermus
Subspecies: A. m. subsp. melanospermus – A. m. subsp. suffruticosus – A. m. subsp. tenuiflorus
Name

Abrus melanospermus Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt. 282. (1844)
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Abrus pulchellus Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 5819, (1831-32) nom. inval. nom. nud.
Abrus pulchellus Wall. ex Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. [Thwaites] 91. (1859)

Note: If Abrus melanospermus and Abrus pulchellus are conspecific, as detailed by Harder (2000) then A. melanospermus must be the correct combination, as it was validly published the earliest.
References
Primary references

Hasskarl, J.C. 1844. Catalogus Plantarum in Horto Botanico Bogoriensi Cultarum Alter 282.

Additional references

Harder, D.K. 2000. Typification and New Combinations in Abrus Adanson (Fabaceae, Faboideae, Abreae). Novon 10(2): 124. DOI: 10.2307/3393010 JSTOR

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Abrus melanospermus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct. 26. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Abrus melanospermus. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 26 2020.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Abrus melanospermus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
العربية: قلقل جميل
日本語: アブルス・プルケッルス
中文: 美丽相思子

Abrus melanospermus is a species of flowering plant in the pea and bean family Fabaceae.[1] It is native to Africa and Asia. It was also introduced to South America.[1]

Ecology

The species has a ecology in Miombo and sand woodlands in Kalahari.[1]
Distribution

The species is native to Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Nigeria, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre.[1]

Taxonomy

It has three accepted Infraspecifics:

Abrus melanospermus subsp. melanospermus occurs in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.[2]
Abrus melanospermus subsp. tenuiflorus is native in 20+ African countries,and has been introduced into Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela.[3]
Abrus melanospermus subsp. suffruticosus is native in Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, DR Congo, Congo Republic, Guinea-Bissau, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia and Zaïre.[4]

References

"Abrus melanospermus Hassk. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2021-09-25.
"Abrus melanospermus subsp. melanospermus | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2021-09-25.
"Abrus melanospermus subsp. tenuiflorus (Spruce ex Benth.) D.K.Harder | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online.
"Abrus melanospermus subsp. suffruticosus (Boutique) D.K.Harder | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online.

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