Abutilon

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Malvales
Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Genus: Abutilon
Species: A. abutiloides - A. auritum - A. berlandieri - A. bidentatum - A. buchii - A. eremitopetalum - A. fruticosum - A. giganteum - A. grandifolium - A. grandiflorum - A. hirtum - A. hulseanum - A. hypoleucum - A. incanum - A. indicum - A. insigne - A. leucopetalum - A. longicuspe - A. malacum - A. mauritianum - A. megapotamicum - A. menziesii - A. mollicomum - A. mollissimum - A. palmeri - A. parishii - A. parvulum - A. permolle - A. pictum - A. ramiflorum - A. reflexum - A. reventum - A. sandwicense - A. sellowianum - A. striatum - A. theophrasti - A. thurberi - A. trisulcatum - A. virginianum - A. wrightii

Name

Abutilon Mill.

Vernacular name
Internationalization
Türkçe: Güzelhatmi
ייִדיש: אַבוטילאָן

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Abutilon (pronounced /əˈbjuːtɨlɒn/)[2] is a large genus of approximately 150 species of broadleaf evergreens in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus includes annuals, perennials, shrubs, and small trees from 1–10 m tall, and is found in the tropical and subtropical regions of all continents. The leaves are alternate, unlobed or palmately lobed with 3-7 lobes. The flowers are conspicuous, with five petals, mostly red, pink, orange, yellow or white.

Common names include Abutilon, Chinese Bell Flower, Chinese Lantern, Mallow, Indian Mallow, and Flowering Maple (for the maple-like leaves of some species, although the genus is not related to the true maples). The generic name is derived from the Arabic word aubutilun.[3]

Abutilon species are used as food plants by the larvae of some lepidoptera species including Yellow-banded Skipper (which feeds exclusively on A. avicennae) and Chionodes mariona.


Species

* A. abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke – Bushy Abutilon[4]
* A. albescens Miq.
* A. auritum (Wall. ex Link) Sweet – Asian Indian Mallow
* A. bedfordianum (Hook.) A.St.-Hil. – Bedford's Mallow
* A. berlandieri Gray ex S.Watson – Berlandier's Indian Mallow
* A. bidentatum A. Rich.
* A. buchii Urb.
* A. darwinii Hook.f. – Darwin's Mallow
* A. eremitopetalum Caum – Hiddenpetal Indian Mallow (Lānaʻi in Hawaii)
* A. fruticosum Guill. & Perr. – Texas Indian Mallow
* A. giganteum (Jacq.) Sweet
* A. grandiflorum G.Don
* A. grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet – Hairy Indian Mallow
* A. greveanum (Baill.) Hochr.
* A. hirtum (Lam.) Sweet – Hairy Abutilon[4]
* A. hulseanum Torr. ex A.Gray
* A. hypoleucum A.Gray – Whiteleaf Indian Mallow
* A. incanum (Link) Sweet – Hoary Abutilon, Pelotazo (Southwestern United States, northern Mexico, Hawaii)
* A. indicum (L.) Sweet – Indian Mallow
* A. insigne Planch.
* A. julianae Endl.
* A. lauraster Hochr.
* A. leonardi Urb. – Woolly Abutilon
* A. leucopetalum (F.Muell.) F.Muell. ex Benth.
* A. listeri Baker f.
* A. longicuspe Hochst. ex A. Rich.
* A. malacum S. Watson – Yellow Indian Mallow
* A. mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik.
* A. megapotamicum A.St.-Hil. & Naudin – Trailing Abutilon
* A. menziesii Seem. – Koʻoloaʻula (Hawaii)
* A. mollicomum (Willd.) Sweet – Sonoran Indian Mallow
* A. mollissimum
* A. muticum
* A. niveum Griseb. – White-flowered Abutilon
* A. palmeri A.Gray – Palmer's Indian Mallow
* A. parishii A.Watson – Parish's Indian Mallow
* A. parvulum A.Gray – Dwarf Indian Mallow
* A. pauciflorum A.St.-Hil. – Woolly Abutilon[5]
* A. permolle (Willd.) Sweet (Velvety Abutilon[4]
* A. pictum (Gillies ex Hook.) Walp. – Redvein Abutilon, Red Vein Indian Mallow (syn. A. striatum)
* A. purpurascens (Link) K.Schum.
* A. reflexum (Juss. ex Cav.) Sweet
* A. ramiflorum A.St.-Hil.
* A. reventum S.Watson – Yellowflower Indian Mallow
* A. sachetianum Fosberg
* A. sandwicense (O.Deg.) Christoph. – Greenflower Indian Mallow (Oahʻu in Hawaii)
* A. sellowianum (Klotzsch) Regel
* A. theophrasti Medik. – Velvetleaf, Indian Mallow, Butterweed
* A. thurberi A.Gray – Thurber's Indian Mallow
* A. thyrsodendron Griseb.
* A. trisulcatum (Jacq.) Britton & Millsp.[6]
* A. venosum Lem.
* A. virginianum Krapov. – Virgin Islands Abutilon
* A. wrightii A.Gray


Hybrids

* Abutilon × hybridum – Chinese Lantern (unknown parentage)
* Abutilon × milleri (A. megapotamicum × A. pictum)
* Abutilon × suntense (A. ochsenii × A. vitifolium)


Formerly placed here

* Bakeridesia integerrima (Hook.) D.M.Bates (as A. chittendenii Standl.)
* Briquetia spicata (Kunth) Fryxell (as A. spicatum Kunth)
* Corynabutilon ochsenii (Phil.) Kearney (as A. ochsenii (Phil.) Reiche)
* Corynabutilon vitifolium (Cav.) Kearney (as A. vitifolium (Cav.) C.Presl)[7]


Cultivation and uses

Abutilons are popular garden plants in subtropical areas. The hardiest species, A. vitifolium from Chile, is hardy in warm temperate areas with moderate frost down to about −10 °C (14.0 °F)

Abutilon × hybridum is a popular group of hybrids that are semi-tropical, frost-tender shrubs typically growing 2–3 m tall. The lantern-like buds open to solitary, pendulous, bell- to cup-shaped flowers to 8 cm diameter with five overlapping petals and significant staminal columns typical of the mallow family. Flowers come in red, pink, yellow, white and pastel shades. Lobed, maple-like, light green leaves are often variegated with white and yellow.
Notes

1. ^ a b "Genus: Abutilon Mill.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-03-12. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?5114. Retrieved 2010-12-05.
2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
3. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I: A-C. CRC Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780849326752. http://books.google.com/books?id=esMPU5DHEGgC&.
4. ^ a b c Britton & Millspaugh, p. 265
5. ^ Britton & Millspaugh, p. 266
6. ^ Britton & Millspaugh, p. 265–266
7. ^ "GRIN Species: Records of Abutilon". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/splist.pl?24. Retrieved 2010-12-05.


References

* Britton, Nathaniel Lord; Charles Frederick Millspaugh (1920). "Malvaceae". The Bahama Flora. pp. 264–.

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