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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia abbreviata
Name

Acacia abbreviata Maslin
Synonyms

Racosperma abbreviatum (Maslin) Pedley

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Acacia abbreviata

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Northern Territory

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Maslin, B.R., 1980. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 2(4): 301.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia abbreviata in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 23. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia abbreviata. Published online. Accessed: Jul 23 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acacia abbreviata. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul 23.
Hassler, M. Jul. Acacia abbreviata. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Jul. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Jul 23 {{{3}}}. Reference page.

Vernacular names

Acacia abbreviata is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae. It is endemic to arid parts of northern Australia

Description

The resinous shrub has a spreading habit and typically grows to a height of 0.3 to 0.6 m (1 ft 0 in to 2 ft 0 in) with a width of 1 to 3.6 m (3 ft 3 in to 11 ft 10 in). The generally smooth pale grey-brown coloured bark is minutely fissured. The angular yellow to red-brown branchlets have small resinous hairs and obscure ridges. The linear green phyllodes occur in groups of six at the nodes. They have a narrowly oblong or narrowly oblanceolate shape and a length of 0.4 to 2.5 cm (0.16 to 0.98 in) and a width of 0.6 to 1.2 mm (0.024 to 0.047 in) with indistinct nerves. It blooms between April and October producing cylindrical flower-spikes with a length of 0.7 to 2 cm (0.28 to 0.79 in) packed with golden coloured flowers. The flat and sub-woody seed pods that form after flowering have a linear-oblanceolate shape that tapers toward the base. The pods are 2.5 to 6.5 cm (0.98 to 2.56 in) in length and 3 to 5 mm (0.12 to 0.20 in) wide, have prominent margins and open elastically from the apex. The seeds inside are arranged obliquely to longitudinally. The brown seeds have a narrowly oblong shape and a length of 3 to 4.5 mm (0.12 to 0.18 in) and have a narrowly turbinate aril.[4]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist Bruce Maslin in 1980 as part of the work Acacia (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae): A contribution to the flora of central Australia as published in the Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens. It was reclassified as Racosperma abbreviatum by Leslie Pedley in 2003 then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2006.[5] The type specimen was collected in the Tanami desert by J.R.Maconochie in 1970.[4]

Distribution

The shrub is found in a small area of the Tanami Desert in the Northern Territory close to the Western Australian border. It is usually situated on stony lateritic ridges and plains where it grows in shallow clay loamy soils as a part of spinifex communities.[4]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

Flora of Australia: Acacia abbreviata Maslin, Flora of Australia. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
Tindale, M.D. & Kodela, P.G. in Orchard, A.E. & Wilson, A.J.G. (ed.) (2001), Flora of Australia 11B: 226-227, Fig. 48E-G, Map 316
B R Maslin (1980). "Acacia (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae): A Contribution to the Flora of Central Australia" (PDF). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens. 2 (4): 301, fig. 1. ISSN 0313-4083. JSTOR 23872363. Wikidata Q92900710. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2020.
"Acacia abbreviata". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
"Acacia abbreviata Maslin". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 8 March 2020.

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