Acacia acuminata

Acacia acuminata

Acacia acuminata

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Subclassis: Rosidae
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia acuminata


Acacia acuminata Benth.


Acacia acuminata, commonly known as the raspberry jam tree, fine leaf jam, "raspberry jam" or jam tree, is a shrub in the family Fabaceae. Endemic to Western Australia, it occurs throughout the south west of the State. It is common in the Wheatbelt, and also extends into the semi-arid interior.

Raspberry jam grows as a tall shrub or small tree. In ideal conditions it may grow to a height of ten metres, but in most of its distribution it does not grow above five metres. As with most Acacia species, it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. These are bright green, around ten centimetres long and about two millimetres wide, and finish in a long point. The lemon yellow flowers are held in tight cylindrical clusters about two centimetres long. The pods are light brown and flattened, about ten centimetres long and five millimetres wide.

Name origin

The species name acuminata comes from the Latin acuminatus, which means pointed or elongated. This refers to the long point at the end of each leaf. The common name "raspberry jam" refers to the strong odour of freshly cut wood, which resembles raspberry jam.

Growing conditions

Acacia acuminata has high frost tolerance and medium salt tolerance. It requires at least 250mm/year (9.8in./year) average rainfall.[1]


The wood is hard and durable, with an attractive, reddish, close grain. It has been used extensively for fence posts,[2] for ornamental articles, and for high-load applications such as sheave blocks. The wood's "air dried" density is 1040 kg/mĀ³.[3] It is also being used as a companion/host tree with sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) plantations in the Wheatbelt region [4]


* Acacia acuminata subsp. acuminata Benth.
* Acacia acuminata subsp. burkittii (Benth.) Kodela & Tindale [5]



1. ^ Dryland Area Species
2. ^ Qualities Required of Species: for Agroforestry and Fuelwood
3. ^ Aussie Fantom
4. ^ Sandalwood Guide for Farmers - Forest Products Commission - April 2007
5. ^ Catalog of Life

General references

* "Acacia acuminata Benth.". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
* "Acacia acuminata". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
* "Acacia acuminata". FloraBase. Department of Environment and Conservation, Government of Western Australia.
* D. J. Boland et al. (1984). Forest Trees of Australia (Fourth Edition Revised and Enlarged). CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria. ISBN 0-643-05423-5.
* A. A. Mitchell and D. G. Wilcox (1994). Arid Shrubland Plants of Western Australia (Second and Enlarged Edition). Department of Agriculture, Western Australia. ISBN 1-875560-22-X.

PlantsĀ Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License


Scientific Library -