Acacia catechu

Acacia catechu (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Subclassis: Rosidae
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia catechu

Name

Acacia catechu, (L.f.) Willd.

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Acacia catechu also commonly called mimosa catechu, is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15 m (50 ft) in height.[2] Common names for it include Catechu, Cachou and Black Cutch. The plant is called katha in Hindi, and kachu in Malay, hence Latin "Catechu" for this type species from which the extracts cutch and catechu are derived. [3]. It is found in Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area.[1]

Through derivatives of the flavanols in its extracts, the species has lent its name to the important catechins, catechols and catecholamines of chemistry and biology.

Uses

Food

The tree's seeds are a good source of protein.[4]

Fodder

Branches of the tree are quite often cut for goat fodder and are sometimes fed to cattle.[4]

Medicinal uses

More specifically, the extract, called catechu is used to treat sore throats and diarrhoea.[2]

Wood

The tree is often planted for use as firewood and its wood is highly valued for furniture and tools.[2] The wood has a density of about 0.88 g/cm³.[5]

Other uses

Its heartwood extract is used in dyeing, leather tanning, as a preservative for fishing nets, for medicine and as a viscosity regulator for oil drilling.[2]

Cultivation

The tree can be propagated by planting its seeds, which are soaked in hot water first. After about six months in a nursery, the seedlings can be planted in the field.[2]

Botanical varieties

* Acacia catechu var. sundra (L.f.) Willd.[6]


References

1. ^ a b International Legume Database & Information Service (ILDIS)
2. ^ a b c d e www.fao.org
3. ^ http://www.yourdictionary.com/catechu Derivation of word from Malay
4. ^ a b World AgroForestry Database
5. ^ FAO Appendix 1
6. ^ hear.org

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