Acacia caven

Acacia caven (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Subclassis: Rosidae
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia caven

Name

Acacia caven Molina

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Acacia caven (Roman Cassie, Aromita, Aromo Criollo, Caven, Churque, Churqui, Espinillo, Espinillo de Baado, Espino, Espino Maulino)[1] is an ornamental tree in the Fabaceae family. Acacia caven is native to Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It grows four to five metres tall and it has white thorns up to 2 cm in length. It blooms in Spring, with bright yellow flowers 1 cm to 2 cm in diameter.
Ecology

Prominent occurrences of A. caven are within the Chilean matorral of central Chile, where the species is a common associate of the Chilean Wine Palm, Jubaea chilensis.[2]

The flowers of A. caven are used as food for bees in the production of honey.[3]

Uses

Erosion control

The tree is used for erosion control.[3]

Ornamental tree

The tree has ornamental uses.[3]

Industrial

Tannin from the seed pods is used for tanning hides.[4] The wood is used as fuel and to make posts for fences. The chief current human use for A. caven is in the production of charcoal.[3]

The flowers are used in perfume.[3][4]

Botanical varieties

* Acacia caven (Molina)Molina var. caven [5]
* Acacia caven var. dehiscens Ciald.
* Acacia caven var. microcarpa (Speg.)Ciald.
* Acacia caven var. stenocarpa (Speg.)Ciald.


References

1. ^ a b ILDIS LegumeWeb
2. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Chilean Wine Palm: Jubaea chilensis, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
3. ^ a b c d e FAO
4. ^ a b University of Uruguay
5. ^ Pometti CL. et al. 2007. Morphometric analysis of varieties of Acacia caven: (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae):Taxonomic inferences in the context of Argentine species. Pl.Syst. and Evol.264,239-249

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