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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia echinuliflora
Name

Acacia echinuliflora G.J.Leach, 1994
Synonyms

Racosperma echinuliflorum (G.J.Leach) Pedley

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
References
Primary references

Leach, G.J., Nuytsia; Bulletin of the Western Australian Herbarium 9(3): 355.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia echinuliflora in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia echinuliflora. Published online. Accessed: Aug 011 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acacia echinuliflora. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 01 Aug 2019.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia echinuliflora. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: Aug 01 {{{3}}}. Reference page.

Vernacular names

Acacia echinuliflora is a tree belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae that is native to northern Australia.

Description

The tree typically grows to a maximum height of 4 to 8 m (13 to 26 ft). It has dark brown to black coloured bark that is fibrous and shaggy. It has resinous, terete, reddish brown coloured branchlets. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The evergreen, thinly coriaceous and glabrous phyllodes have a narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate shape and are straight or slightly curved. The flat, shiny phyllodes have a length of 9 to 18.5 cm (3.5 to 7.3 in) and a width of 6 to 14 mm (0.24 to 0.55 in) wide with a prominent midrib and two secondary nerves. It blooms between June and August producing golden flowers.[1] The cylindrical flower-spikes occur singly or in pairs in the axils and have a length of 5 to 7 cm (2.0 to 2.8 in) with bright yellow to golden flowers. Following flowering straw-coloured and resinous seed pods form that have a linear to oblong shape and are straight to undulate and raised over seeds alternately on each side with a length of 7 to 9 cm (2.8 to 3.5 in). The brown or black seeds inside are arranged transversely and have an obloid or ellipsoidal shape.[1]
Distribution

It is endemic to the Northern Territory where it is commonly found along the escarpments in the western portion of Arnhem Land in the north and down to Nitmiluk National Park in the south where it grows in sandy soils that are part of creeks and streams that are responsible for draining the escarpment.[1]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia echinuliflora". WorldWideWattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 16 October 2019.

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