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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia epacantha
Name

Acacia epacantha (Maslin) Maslin
References

Nuytsia 2 (6): 359 (1979).

Acacia epacantha is a shrub of the genus Acacia and the subgenus Pulchellae that is endemic to an area in the south west of Australia.

Description

The dense bushy spiny shrub typically grows to a height of 0.2 to 0.5 metres (0.7 to 1.6 ft)[1] and has a spreading habit with branchlets that have axillary 1 to 2 cm (0.39 to 0.79 in) long spines that around found singly on each node. The single pair of pinnae have a length of 1 to 2 mm (0.039 to 0.079 in) and have two pairs of pinnules with a length of 6 to 10 mm (0.24 to 0.39 in) and a width of 0.7 to 1.5 mm (0.028 to 0.059 in).[2] It blooms from July to August and produces yellow flowers.[1]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist Bruce Maslin in 1979 as a part of the work Studies in the genus Acacia (Mimosaceae) - 9 Additional notes on the Series Pulchellae Benth. as published in the journal Nuytsia. It was reclassified as Racosperma epacanthum in 2003 by Leslie Pedley then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2006.[3]
Distribution

It is native to an area on the west coast in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia where it is commonly found growing in gravelly lateritic loam or clay soils.[1]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia epacantha". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Acacia epacantha". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
"Acacia epacantha (Maslin) Maslin". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 4 February 2021.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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