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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia eremophila
Varietates: A. e. subsp. eremophila – A. e. subsp. variabilis
Name

Acacia eremophila W.Fitzg., J. Bot. 50: 19. 1912.
References

USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia eremophila in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Acacia eremophila is a shrub of the genus Acacia and the subgenus Plurinerves that is native to Western Australia.

Description

The dense shrub typically grows to a height of 0.4 to 2 metres (1 to 7 ft) and has a rounded habit.[1] The straight and erect phyllodes are patent to erect. The phyllodes are 2 to 11 centimetres (0.8 to 4.3 in) in length with a diameter of 0.6 to 1.5 millimetres (0.02 to 0.06 in).[2]

It blooms from July to October[1] producing simple inflorescences with globular heads with a diameter of 3 to 4 mm (0.12 to 0.16 in) containing 10 to 25 yellow flowers.[2]

After flowering linear seed pods that are raised over and constricted between each seed that are 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) in length and 1.5 to 3 mm (0.06 to 0.12 in) wide. The dark brown seeds with an elliptic to oblong-ovate shape.[2]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist William Vincent Fitzgerald in 1912 is the work New West Australian Plants published in the Journal of Botany, British and Foreign.[3]

There are two varieties:

Acacia eremophila var. eremophila
Acacia eremophila var. variabilis

A. eremophila closely resembles Acacia densiflora.[2]
Distribution

It is native to an area in the Wheatbelt and the Goldfields-Esperance regions of Western Australia.[1]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia eremophila". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Acacia eremophila". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
"Acacia eremophila W.Fitzg". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 18 August 2018.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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