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Acacia fasciculifera, commonly known as scrub ironbark or less frequently as rosewood, is a tree belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae endemic to parts of Queensland.

Description

The tree can grow to a height of up 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) and forms a dense canopy. It has flexuose and pendulous branchlets that are glabrous. The light green phyllodes have a narrowly oblong to narrowly elliptic shape. The phyllodes have a length of 4 to 15 cm (1.6 to 5.9 in) and a width of 7 to 20 mm (0.28 to 0.79 in) with prominent midribs and marginal nerves.[1] It mostly flowers in the summer months between November and March.[2] The inflorescences occur in groups of two to eight usually as axillary clusters with spherical flower-heads containing 20 to 40 cream coloured flowers. The thinly coriaceous seed pods that form after flowering have a length of up to 12.5 cm (4.9 in) and a width of 10 to 13 mm (0.39 to 0.51 in) and have a prominent nerve along the margin. The slightly shiny dark brown flat seeds within the pod have an oblong to orbicular shape with a length of 6 to 7 mm (0.24 to 0.28 in).[1]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist George Bentham in 1864 as part of the work Flora Australiensis. It was reclassified as Racosperma fasciculiferum in 1987 by Leslie Pedley then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2001. The only other synonym is Acacia penninervis var. stenophylla.[3]
Distribution

It is found in Queensland from Boonah in the south up to around Bowen in the north with the bulk of the population situated between Boonah and Rockhampton. It is found on ridges and along creek lines growing as a part of Eucalyptus woodland communities.[1]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia fasciculifera". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
"Acacia fasciculifera F.Muell. ex Benth". Wattles of Australia. Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
"Acacia fasciculifera F.Muell. ex Benth. Rosewood (Moreton District)". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 1 July 2019.

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia fasciculifera
Name

Acacia fasciculifera F.Muell. ex Benth., 1864
Synonyms

Acacia penninervis var. stenophylla Domin
Racosperma fasciculiferum (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Pedley

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Acacia fasciculifera

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Queensland
Introduced into:
California

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Bentham, G. & Mueller, F.J.H. v. 1864. Flora Australiensis: a description of the plants of the Australian territory. Volume 2. Leguminosae to Combretaceae. 521 pp., London, L. Reeve & co. BHL Reference page. : 2:361.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia fasciculifera in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 02. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia fasciculifera. Published online. Accessed: Aug 02 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acacia fasciculifera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 02 Aug 2019.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia fasciculifera. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: Aug 02 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia fasciculifera in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Rosewood, Scrub Ironbark

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