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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia leiophylla

Acacia leiophylla Benth., 1842

Acacia blomei Ohlend.
Acacia retinodes var. oracia J.M.Black ex Eardley
Racosperma leiophyllum (Benth.) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia leiophylla

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
South Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Bentham, G., 1842. London Journal of Botany. London 1:351.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia leiophylla in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 06. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia leiophylla. Published online. Accessed: Aug 06 2019. 2019. Acacia leiophylla. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 06 Aug 2019.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia leiophylla. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: Aug 06 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia leiophylla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: coast golden wattle

Acacia leiophylla, commonly known as coast golden wattle, is a tree of the family Mimosaceae native to South Australia and Western Australia.[1]


The shrub or tree can grow to a maximum height of about 4 m (13 ft). It has flexuose and glabrous branchlets. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The thinly coriaceous and glabrous evergreen phyllodes are sickle shaped with a length of 10 to 13 cm (3.9 to 5.1 in) and a width of 15 to 22 mm (0.59 to 0.87 in) and are narrow at the base with one main nerve per face and no lateral nerves.[2]

It was described by botanist George Bentham in the London Journal of Botany in 1842.[3] Similar in appearance to A. pycnantha, it can be distinguished by its lighter phyllodes.[4]

It is situated along the south coast of South Australia where its range extends from around Coffin Bay on the Eyre Peninsula in the west to around Mount Gambier in the east where it is mostly found growing in sandy or loamy soils as a part of open scrub communities and is often associated with Mallee Eucalyptus species.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia leiophylla". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
"Acacia leiophylla". World Wide Wattle. CSIRO Publishing. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
Bentham, George (1842). "Notes on Mimoseae, with a Synopsis of Species". London Journal of Botany. 1: 351.
Elliot, Rodger W.; Jones, David L.; Blake, Trevor (1985). Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants Suitable for Cultivation: Vol. 2. Port Melbourne, Victoria: Lothian Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-85091-143-5.

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