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Acacia leprosa

Acacia leprosa

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia leprosa
Varietates: A. l. var. crassipoda – A. l. var. graveolens – A. l. var. magna – A. l. var. uninervia
Name

Acacia leprosa Sieber ex DC., 1825
Synonyms

Acacia leprosa var. elongata Guilf.
Acacia reclinata F.Muell.
Acacia reclinata Jacq.
Acacia reclinata var. binervis F.Muell.
Racosperma leprosum (Sieber ex DC.) Pedley

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Acacia leprosa

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Sieber, F.W. ex De Candolle, A.P., 1825. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis 2:450.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia leprosa in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 06. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia leprosa. Published online. Accessed: Aug 06 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acacia leprosa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 06 Aug 2019.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia leprosa. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: Aug 06 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia leprosa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Cinnamon Wattle

Acacia leprosa, also known as cinnamon wattle, is an acacia native to Australia. It occurs in woodland in New South Wales and Victoria. It occurs as a hardy shrub or small tree. The phyllodes (a modified flat leaf-like structure arising through an expanded petiole replacing the leaf blade) are 3–14 cm long and contain oil glands. The lemon-yellow flowers occur as globular heads in clusters in the leaf axils. The fruit is flat seed pod.

A number of varieties are currently recognised within the species including:[1]

A. leprosa var. crassipoda Maslin & D.J.Murphy - type: Pyrenees Range, Victoria
A. leprosa var. graveolens Maslin & D.J.Murphy - formerly known as Acacia verniciflua (Southern variant), type: Gippsland Lakes
A. leprosa Sieber ex DC. var. leprosa
A. leprosa var. magna Maslin & D.J.Murphy - type: Cape Otway, Victoria
A. leprosa var. uninervia Maslin & D.J.Murphy, formerly known as A. leprosa (large phyllode variant), type: near Healesville, Victoria

Former varieties include:

A. leprosa var. binervis F.Muell., currently included in Acacia verniciflua
A.leprosa var. tenuifolia Benth. also known as A. leprosa (Seymour variant), currently included in Acacia verniciflua
A. leprosa (Dandenong Range variant), A. leprosa var. elongata Guilf. [nom. inval.] or A. leprosa var. Reclinata, currently known as Acacia stictophylla

The cultivar Acacia leprosa 'Scarlet Blaze' is the only Australian wattle to have red inflorescences (all the rest are yellow or cream-colored, except for Acacia purpureapetala, which has purple flowers). It was discovered northeast of Melbourne, Australia, in 1995, and released commercially in 2001. Acacia leprosa is mentioned in The Australasian Sketcher of Saturday 19 June 1880 in part two of an article on the Mallee Country, as one of the 'beautiful shrubs' found in the region and identified by Mr Guilfoyle, director of the botanic gardens.
Cultivation

The species prefers a well-drained sunny or lightly shaded situation. Propagation is by pretreated seeds or cuttings.[2]
An Acacia leprosa tree
References

"Acacia leprosa". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
"Acacia leprosa". Australian Native Plants Society (Australia). Retrieved 31 July 2011.

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