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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia simsii
Name

Acacia simsii A.Cunn. ex Benth., 1842
Synonyms

Racosperma simsii (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Pedley

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Acacia simsii

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New Guinea, Northern Territory, Queensland

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Cunningham, A. 1842. The London Journal of Botany. London 1:368.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia simsii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 14. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia simsii. Published online. Accessed: Aug 14 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acacia simsii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 14 Aug 2019.
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist
Acacia simsii – Taxon details on World Wide Wattle.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia simsii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Heathlands Wattle, Sims' Wattle

Acacia simsii (or heathlands wattle, Sims’ wattle)[4] is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia in the family Fabaceae. It is native to New Guinea and northern Australia.[3] In Australia it is found in both the Northern Territory and Queensland.[5]

In the Territory, it is found in the bioregions Arnhem Coast, Cape York Peninsula, Einasleigh Uplands, Gulf Fall and Uplands, Gulf Plains, Northern Kimberley, Pine Creek, Tiwi Cobourg, and Wet Tropics.

in the Territory, it has been found flowering in January, February, April, May, June, July, September, October, and November, and fruiting in those months but also in March, August and December.[6]

Description

Acacia simsii is a smooth shrub which grows to a height of 1 to 4 metres. The phyllodes are linear to narrowly elliptic, straight (sometimes incurved) and 5–14 cm long, 2–7 mm wide. They have pointed tips and are leathery, with 3 or 4 main nerves and few longitudinal minor nerves in between. There is a gland 0–2 mm above the pulvinus, and up to five others along the adaxial margin.[4] The inflorescences normally occur as group of heads in the axils on stems (peduncles) 5–12 mm long. The bracts at the base of the flowers persists., and the heads are globular, having a diameter of 3.5–4 mm. The inflorescence consists of 25 to 35 golden flowers. The flowers have five parts, and the sepals are free or joined for up to 2/3 of their length. The leathery, smooth pods are linear, and flat but raised over the seeds, and up to 8 cm long and 4–7 mm wide. The dull brown-black seeds are longitudinal, almost circular to broadly elliptic, 2.5 to 4 mm long, with a clublike aril.[4]

It is usually found growing on gently undulating terrain, in sand and gravel in open eucalypt forest and woodland, sometimes in closed heath, and sometimes forming a closed scrub /in disturbed areas.[4]

It is closely related to A. multisiliqua which has generally shorter phyllodes with the lowermost gland normally further removed from the pulvinus, a shorter peduncle and larger, differently shaped seeds.[4]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist George Bentham in 1842 as part of the work Notes on Mimoseae, with a synopsis of species as published in London Journal of Botany. It was reclassified as Racosperma simsii by Leslie Pedley[7] in 1987 but transferred back to the genus Acacia in 2006.[8]
Conservation status

In both the Territory and Queensland, its conservation status is Least Concern.[8][6]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia simsii". Australian Plant Name Index, IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
Bentham, G. in Hooker, W.J. (1842), Notes on Mimoseae, with a synopsis of species. London Journal of Botany 1: 368
Govaerts, R. et al. (2019) Plants of the world online: Acacia simsii. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
"Acacia simsii A.Cunn. ex Benth". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
"Acacia simsii". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
Acacia simsii factsheet, NT Flora, Northern Territory Flora online. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
Pedley, L. (1987), Racosperma Martius (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Queensland: a checklist. Austrobaileya 2(4)
"Acacia simsii A.Cunn. ex Benth". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 20 February 2019.

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