Plants, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Vandeae
Subtribus: Aeridinae
Genus: Acampe
Overview of species (8)

A. carinata – A. cephalotes – A. hulae – A. joiceyana – A. ochracea – A. pachyglossa – A. praemorsa – A. rigida
Name

Acampe Lindl., Fol. Orchid. 4: 1 (1853), nom. cons.

Type species: Acampe rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) P.F.Hunt (1970)
Lectotype: A. rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) P.F.Hunt (Aerides rigida Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) designated by Seidenfaden, Bot. Mus. Leafl., 25(2): 54 (1977); and indirectly by Averyanov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad), 76(6): 890 (1991)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Sarcanthus Lindl., Bot. Reg. 10: t. 817 (1824)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Africa
East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania.
Northeast Tropical Africa
Somalia
South Tropical Africa
Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa
KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Swaziland.
West-Central Tropical Africa
Zaire.
Western Indian Ocean
Aldabra, Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles.
Asia-Temperate
China
China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan.
Eastern Asia
Taiwan.
Asia-Tropica
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
Indo-China
Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Malesia
Malaya, Philippines.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1853. Folia Orchidacea. Acampe 1.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2014. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 6: Epidendroideae (Part three); page 129 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19964-651-7

Additional references

Alrich, P. & Higgins,W. 2011. Orchid genera lectotypes. Lankesteriana 11(1): 69—94. PDF Reference page.

Links

Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Acampe. Accessed: 2021 Jan 17.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Acampe in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan 17. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Acampe in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan 17. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Acampe. Published online. Accessed: 17 Jan 2021.
The Plant List 2013. Acampe in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan 17.
Tropicos.org 2021. Acampe. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan 17.

Vernacular names

ไทย: สกุลช้างสารภ
中文: 脆兰属

Acampe, abbreviated as Acp in horticultural trade, is a genus of monopodial, epiphytic vandaceous species of orchids, distributed from tropical Asia from India, eastwards to China and southwards to Malaysia, and the Philippines as well as from tropical Africa, Madagascar and islands of the Indian Ocean.[2] The name Acampe was derived from the Greek word akampas, meaning "rigid", referring to the small, brittle, inflexible flowers.

Acampe produce slow-growing, medium-sized vines that form very large vegetative masses in nature. They are noted for their thick, leathery, distichous leaves. They produce fragrant small to medium-sized yellow flowers, barred with orange or red stripes, in a few to many-flowered racemose inflorescence. The brittle sepals and petals look alike. The ear-shaped, fringed, white labellum (lip) is saccate (sac-shaped) or has a spur, and has red markings at its base. The fleshy column is short and has two waxy pollinia.[3]

Due to their large size and small flowers, they are rarely cultivated.
Species

Eight species are recognized as of May 2014:[2]

Acampe carinata (Griff.) Panigrahi - China, India, Assam, Bangladesh, Nepal, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Acampe cephalotes Lindl. - Assam, Bangladesh
Acampe hulae Telepova - Laos, Cambodia
Acampe joiceyana (J.J.Sm.) Seidenf. - Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Acampe ochracea (Lindl.) Hochr. - Yunnan, Assam, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam
Acampe pachyglossa Rchb.f. - Africa from Somalia to South Africa; Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Seychelles, Réunion, Aldabra
Acampe praemorsa (Roxb.) Blatt. & McCann - India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
Acampe rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) P.F.Hunt - China, India, Assam, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaya, Philippines

Acampe forms a few intergeneric hybrids :

× Aracampe (Acampe × Arachnis)
× Vancampe (Acampe × Vanda)

References

"Acampe". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Flora of China v 25 p 449, 脆兰属 cui lan shu, Acampe Lindley, Fol. Orchid. 4(Acampe): 1. 1853.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World