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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Achariaceae
Tribus: Acharieae – Erythrospermeae – Lindackerieae – Pangieae
Genera: AchariaAhernia – Baileyoxylon – BuchnerodendronCaloncobaCamptostylusCarpotrocheCeratiosicyosChiangiodendron – Chlorocarpa – Dasylepis – Eleutherandra – Erythrospermum – Grandidiera – GuthrieaGynocardiaHydnocarpusKiggelariaKuhlmanniodendronLindackeriaMaynaPangium – Peterodendron – Poggea – Prockiopsis – Rawsonia – Ryparosa – Scaphocalyx – ScottelliaTrichadeniaXylotheca
Name

Achariaceae Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. Nachtr. [Engler & Prantl]: 256. (1897) nom. cons.

Type genus: Acharia Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. 1: 14. (1794)

Synonyms

Kiggelariaceae Link, Handbuch 2: 221 (1831). Based on Kiggelarieae DC., Prodr. 1: 257 (1824)
Pangiaceae Endl., Ench. Bot.: 480 (1841)

References

Harms, H.A.T. 1897. Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien. Nachträge zum II bis IV 256.
Chase, M.W., Zmarzty, S., Lledo, M.D., Wurdack, K.J., Swensen, S.M. & Fay, M.F. 2002. When in doubt, put it in Flacourtiaceae: a molecular phylogenetic analysis based on plastid rbcL DNA sequences. Kew Bulletin 57(1): 141-181. JSTOR Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Groppo, M., Fiaschi, P., Salatino, M.L.F., Ceccantini, G.C.T., dos Santos, F.D.A.R., Verola, C.F. & Antonelli, A. 2010. Placement of Kuhlmanniodendron Fiaschi & Groppo in Lindackerieae (Achariaceae, Malpighiales) confirmed by analyses of rbcL sequences, with notes on pollen morphology and wood anatomy. Plant Systematics and Evolution 286(1-2): 27-37. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-010-0276-3 PDF Reference page.
Pagart, C.L. 2017. Phylogenetic Relationships of the Genera of Achariaceae Based on Analyses of Morphological and DNA Data. The University of Southern Mississippi Honors Theses 504. Honours Thesis PDF Reference page.
Achariaceae – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
中文: 青钟麻科

Achariaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of 32-33 genera with about 155 species[2] of tropical herbs, shrubs, and trees. The APG IV system has greatly expanded the scope of the family by including many genera previously classified in Flacourtiaceae.[3] Molecular data strongly support the inclusion of this family in the order Malpighiales.

The family is almost exclusively tropical and is best known as the source of chaulmoogra oil, formerly used to treat leprosy. Unlike other members of the former Flacourtiaceae now placed in the family Salicaceae, the genera of Achariaceae typically have cyanogenic glycosides.
Genera
Gynocardia odorata, an evergreen tree from South Asia

Acharia
Baileyoxylon
Buchnerodendron
Caloncoba
Camptostylus
Carpotroche
Ceratiosicyos
Chiangiodendron
Chlorocarpa
Dasylepis
Eleutherandra
Erythrospermum
Grandidiera
Guthriea
Gynocardia
Hydnocarpus
Kiggelaria
Kuhlmanniodendron[4]
Lindackeria
Mayna
Mocquerysia
Pangium
Peterodendron
Phyllobotryon
Phylloclinium (sometimes included in Phyllobotryon)[5]
Poggea
Prockiopsis
Rawsonia
Ryparosa
Scaphocalyx
Scottellia
Trichadenia
Xylotheca

References

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Chase, Mark W.; Sue Zmarzty; M. Dolores Lledó; Kenneth J. Wurdack; Susan M. Swensen; Michael F. Fay (2002). "When in doubt, put it in Flacourtiaceae: a molecular phylogenetic analysis based on plastid rbcL DNA sequences". Kew Bulletin. 57 (1): 141–181. doi:10.2307/4110825. JSTOR 4110825.
Fiaschi, Pedro; Groppo, Milton (2008). "Kuhlmanniodendron Fiaschi & Groppo, a new eastern Brazilian genus of Achariaceae sensu lato segregated from Carpotroche Endl. (formerly included in Flacourtiaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 157 (1): 103–109. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2007.00761.x. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
Hul, S. (1991). "Révision des Flacourtiaceae-Phyllobotryoneae d'Afrique". Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 4e Ser., Section B, Adansonia. 13 (3–4): 155–165.

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