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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Melastomataceae
Subfamilia: Melastomatoideae
Tribus: Marcetieae
Genus: Acisanthera
Name

Acisanthera P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 217, t. 22, fig. 1. 1756.

Type species: Acisanthera erecta J.St.-Hil., Expos. Fam. Nat. 2: 178. 1805.

Overview of species
Accepted species

A. alsinefolia – A. bivalvis – A. boliviensis – A. crassipes – A. divaricata – A. egleri – A. erecta – A. fluitans – A. genliseoides – A. glazioviana – A. goudotii – A. hedyotoidea – A. limnobios – A. nana – A. paraguayensis – A. pulchella – A. punctatissima – A. rosulans – A. tetramera – A. tetraptera – A. uniflora – A. variabilis
Source(s) of checklist:
Names in synonymy

A. alata – A. acisanthera – A. adscendens – A. bartlettii – A. beccabunga – A. boissieriana – A. bracteosa – A. brevifolia – A. glandulifera – A. glomerata – A. gracilis – A. inundata – A. lasiophylla – A. leptalea – A. pellucida – A. quadrata – A. recurva – A. salzmannii – A. simplex – A. trivalvis

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Anisocentrum Turcz.
Dicrananthera C.Presl, Symb. Bot. (Presl) i. 75. t. 50 (1832)
Uranthera Naudin

References

Almeda, F. 2001. Melastomataceae Juss. Pp. 1339–1419 in Stevens, W.D., Ulloa Ulloa, C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (eds.), Flora de Nicaragua, Vol. 2, Angiospermas (Fabaceae–Oxalidaceae). (Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85). Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. Online Reference page.
Guimarães, P.J.F., Oliveira da Silva, M.F. & Rocha, M.J.R. 2017. Nomenclator botanicus for Acisanthera (Melastomataceae: Marcetia alliance). Brittonia 69(2): 231–240. DOI: 10.1007/s12228-017-9463-7 Reference page.
Luckana, N.G. & Berry, P.E. 2001. Acisanthera. Pp. 276–280 in Berry, P.E., Gröger, A., Holst, B.K., Morley, T., Michelangeli, F.A., Luckana, N.G., Almeda, F., Renner, S.S., Freire-Fierro, A., Robinson, O.R. & Yatskievych, K., Melastomataceae. In Steyermark, J.A. (†), Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 6, Liliaceae–Myrsinaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. ISBN 0-915279-81-9. Reference page.
Rocha, M.J.R., Guimarães, P.J.F., Michelangeli, F.A. & Batista, J.A.N. 2018. Taxonomy of Marcetieae: A new neotropical tribe of Melastomataceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 179(1): 50–74. DOI: 10.1086/694932 Reference page.
Wurdack, J. J. 1993. Acisanthera. Pp. 21–29 in Wurdack, J.J., Morley, T. & Renner, S., 99. Melastomataceae. In Görts-van Rijn, A.R.A. (ed.), Flora of the Guianas, Series A: Phanerogams, Fascicle 13. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, ISBN 3-87429-343-2. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acisanthera. Published online. Accessed: 14 March 2019.
Farr, E.R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996 onwards. Acisanthera in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Accessed: 2019 March 14.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Acisanthera.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acisanthera in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2019-03-14.
Hassler, M. 2019. Acisanthera. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 March 14. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acisanthera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 14 March 2019.
Tropicos.org: Flora Mesoamericana: Acisanthera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 14 March 2019.
Acisanthera in Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Accessed: 14 March 2019.
Tropicos.org: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia): Acisanthera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 14 March 2019.
Tropicos.org: Bolivia Catalogue: Acisanthera. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 14 March 2019.
Acisanthera in Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Accessed: 14 March 2019.

Acisanthera is a genus of flowering plants in the family Melastomataceae. It contains 11 species and is found in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean.[1][2] It was described by Patrick Browne in 1756.[3][4]
Distribution

Many species in this genus are found in waterlogged savannas of the tropical regions of Central and South America.[5]
Species

As of 2020, Kew's Plants of the World Online accepts the following species:[1]

Acisanthera alata Cogn.
Acisanthera alsinefolia (DC.) Triana
Acisanthera ayangannae (Wurdack) M.J.Rocha & P.J.F.Guim.
Acisanthera boliviensis Cogn. ex Kuntze
Acisanthera glazioviana Cogn.
Acisanthera hedyotoidea Triana
Acisanthera paraguayensis Cogn.
Acisanthera pulchella Cogn.
Acisanthera quadrata Juss. ex Poir.
Acisanthera uniflora (Vahl) Gleason
Acisanthera variabilis Triana

References

"Acisanthera P.Browne". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2020-09-28.
"Taxonomy browser (Acisanthera)". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2020-09-28.
"Taxon author: P. Br". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
Guimarães, Paulo José Fernandes; da Silva, Marcus Felippe Oliveira; da Rocha, Maria José Reis (2017-06-01). "Nomenclator botanicus for Acisanthera (Melastomataceae: Marcetia alliance)". Brittonia. 69 (2): 231–240. doi:10.1007/s12228-017-9463-7. ISSN 1938-436X. S2CID 12530641.
Almeda, Frank (April 1999). "A New Acisanthera (Melastomataceae: Melastomeae) from Noel Kempff Mercado National Park, Bolivia". Brittonia. 51 (2): 159–162. doi:10.2307/2666623. JSTOR 2666623. S2CID 22648251.

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