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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Nyctaginaceae
Tribus: Nyctagineae
Genus: Acleisanthes
Species: A. acutifolia – A. angustifolia – A. anisophylla – A. chenopodioides – A. crassifolia – A. diffusa – A. lanceolata – A. longiflora – A. megaphylla – A. nana – A. nevadensis – A. obtusa – A. palmeri – A. parvifolia – A. purpusiana – A. undulata – A. wrightii

Name

Acleisanthes A.Gray Amer. J. Sci. Arts ser. 2, 15: 259. (1853)

Type species: Acleisanthes crassifolia A.Gray Amer. J. Sci. Arts ser. 2, 15: 260. (1853)

References

Gray, A. 1853. American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series 15(44): 259–261.
Hassler, M. 2017. Acleisanthes. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 May 12. Reference page.
Hernández-Ledesma, P., Olvera, H.F. & Ochoterena, H. 2010. Cladistic Analysis and Taxonomic Synopsis of Anulocaulis (Nyctaginaceae) Based on Morphological Data. Systematic Botany 35(4): 858-876. DOI: 10.1600/036364410X539916 Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Acleisanthes. Published online. Accessed: 12 May 2017.
Tropicos.org 2017. Acleisanthes. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 May 12.

Vernacular names
English: Trumpets

Acleisanthes is a genus of flowering plants in the Bougainvillea family, Nyctaginaceae. There are currently 16 species. The generic name is derived from the Greek words ακλειοτος (akleistos), meaning "not closed", and ανθος (anthos), meaning "flower".[2] Plants of this genus are known commonly as trumpets[3] due to the elongated, open-ended shape of their flowers. These are arid-adapted perennials with thick taproots which are usually compact and low to the ground or slightly ascending. An individual plant may have cleistogamous (unopening and self-pollinating) flowers as well as opening flowers which are usually nocturnal as a water-saving adaptation and are pollinated by night-flying or crepuscular insects such as hawkmoths. Flowers are usually white, sometimes yellow. These plants are native to the Chihuahuan and Sonoran Deserts of Mexico and the United States.

Taxonomy

In the year 2000 studies by Rachel A. Levin reclassified the members of two genera, Ammocodon and Selinocarpus, into the genus Acleisanthes.[4]
Selected species

Acleisanthes acutifolia Standl. – needletip trumpets
Acleisanthes angustifolia
Acleisanthes anisophylla A.Gray – obliqueleaf trumpets
Acleisanthes chenopodioides
Acleisanthes crassifolia A.Gray – Texas trumpets
Acleisanthes diffusa
Acleisanthes longiflora A.Gray – angel trumpets, yerba de la rabia
Acleisanthes nevadensis (Standl.) B.L.Turner – desert moonpod
Acleisanthes obtusa (Choisy) Standl. – Berlandier's trumpets
Acleisanthes parvifolia
Acleisanthes wrightii (A.Gray) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Hemsl. – Wright's trumpets[3]

References

"Genus: Acleisanthes A. Gray". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-07-07. Archived from the original on 2012-10-07. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
Holloway, Joel Ellis; Amanda Neill (2005). A Dictionary of Common Wildflowers of Texas & the Southern Great Plains. TCU Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-87565-309-9.
"Acleisanthes". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
Levin, Rachel A. (2002). "Taxonomic status of Acleisanthes, Selinocarpus, and Ammocodon (Nyctaginaceae)". Novon. 12 (1): 58–63. doi:10.2307/3393240. JSTOR 3393240.

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