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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Mackinlayoideae
Genus: Actinotus
Species: A. bellidioides – A. forsythii – A. gibbonsii – A. glomeratus – A. helianthi – A. humilis – A. laxus – A. leucocephalus – A. minor – A. moorei – A. novae-zealandiae – A. omnifertilis – A. paddisonii – A. periculosus – A. repens – A. rhomboideus – A. schwarzii – A. suffocatus – A. superbus – A. whicheranus

Name

Actinotus Labill. (1805)

Type species: A. helianthi Labill.

Synonyms

Homotypic
Actinotus subg. Euactinotus Drude in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(8): 124. 1896.

Heterotypic
Actinotus sect. Holotome Benth., Enum. Pl. Hügel 56. 1837.
Holotome (Benth.) Endl.
Actinotus subg. Holotome (Benth.) Drude in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. (8): 124. 1896.
Type species: A. leucocephalus Benth.
Eriocalia Sm., Exot. Bot. 2: 37. 1806.
Type species: E. major Sm.
Hemiphues Hook.f., London J. Bot. 6: 469 bis. Jul-Aug 1847.
Type species: non design.

References

Labillardière, J.J. 1804–1805. Novae Hollandiae plantarum specimen. Tomus primus [pp 8–112 25, 26; t. 1–142]. Parisiis [Paris]: ex typographiá Dominae Huzard. BHL Reference page. (9-10): 67, t. 92.
Actinotus in: Australian Plant Census (APC) 2018. IBIS database, Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria. Accessed: 2018 Jan. 27.
GBIF: Actinotus Labill.
Hassler, M. 2018. Actinotus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Sept. 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Actinotus. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 27 2018.
Tropicos.org 2018. Actinotus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jan. 27.

Actinotus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, subfamily Mackinlayoideae, with about 18 species. It is native to Australasia. Its best known member is the flannel flower, a common sight in Sydney bushland in the spring. The generic name, meaning "furnished with rays" is derived from the Greek stem aktin-/ακτιν- "ray" or "sunbeam".[1][2]

Most species are endemic to Australia with one from New Zealand. Other notable species are A. schwarzii from the Macdonnell Ranges in Central Australia, which closely resembles A. helianthi in appearance, and the rare pink-flowering A. forsythii from the Blue Mountains.[2]

The genus was established by the French botanist Jacques Labillardière with his description of A. helianthi on page 67 of the first volume of his Novae Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen. However the habitat statement is anomalous and according to historian Edward Duyker Labillardière could not have collected the type specimen personally and might have received it from Jean-Baptiste Leschenault de La Tour botanist on the expedition of Nicolas Baudin or another early French visitor to New South Wales.[3]

Its closest relative is Apiopetalum from New Caledonia.[4]

Species include:[5]

Actinotus bellidioides (Hook.f.) Benth.
Actinotus forsythii Maiden & Betche
Actinotus gibbonsii F.Muell.
Actinotus glomeratus Benth.
Actinotus helianthi Labill.
Actinotus humilis (F.Muell. & Tate) Domin
Actinotus laxus Keighery
Actinotus leucocephalus Benth.
Actinotus minor (Sm.) DC.
Actinotus moorei F.Muell. ex Rodway
Actinotus novae-zelandiae (Petrie) Petrie[6]
Actinotus omnifertilis (F.Muell.) Benth.
Actinotus paddisonii R.T.Baker
Actinotus rhomboideus (Turcz.) Benth.
Actinotus schwarzii F.Muell.
Actinotus suffocatus (Hook.f.) Rodway
Actinotus superbus O.H.Sarg.

References

Liddell & Scott (1980). Greek-English Lexicon, Abridged Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-910207-4.
Blombery, Alec (1965). "The genus Actinotus". Australian Plants. ASGAP. 3 (22): 63–65. ISSN 0005-0008.
Duyker Citizen Labillardière(2003) p. 232.
Nicolas, A. N., and G. M. Plunkett. (2009) The Demise of Subfamily Hydrocotyloideae (Apiaceae) and the Re-Alignment of Its Genera across the Entire Order Apiales.” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (1): 134–51.
"Actinotus". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
"Actinotus Labill. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2020-03-02.

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