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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Naucleeae
Genus: Adina
Species: A. cordifolia – A. dissimilis – A. eurhyncha – A. fagifolia – A. malaccensis – A. metcalfii – A. multifolia – A. pilulifera – A. pubicostata – A. rubella – A. trichotoma – †A. vastanenesis
Name

Adina Salisb., Parad. Lond. 2: t. 115. (1808)

Type species: Adina pilulifera (Lam.) Franch. ex Drake, J. Bot. (Morot) 9: 207. (1895) originally designated as synonym Adina globiflora Salisb., Parad. Lond. 2: t. 115 (1808)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Metadina Bakh.f., Taxon 19: 472. (1970)
Adinauclea Ridsdale, Blumea 24: 349. (1978)
Haldina Ridsdale, Blumea 24: 360. (1978)
Pertusadina Ridsdale, Blumea 24: 353. (1978)

References

Salisbury, R.A. 1808. The Paradisus Londinensis 2: t. 115.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Adina in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Adina. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 16 2019.
Löfstrand, S.D., Krüger, Å., Razafimandimbison, S.G. & Bremer, B. 2014. Phylogeny and generic delimitations in the sister tribes Hymenodictyeae and Naucleeae (Rubiaceae). Systematic Botany 39(1): 304-315. DOI: 10.1600/036364414X678116 Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2019. Adina. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 16.

Adina is a genus of 11 species[1] of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae. They are shrubs or small trees, native to East Asia and Southeast Asia.[2]

Description

Adina is a genus of shrubs and small trees. The terminal vegetative buds are inconspicuous and loosely surrounded by the stipules. The stipules are bifid for at least 2/3 of their length. The corolla lobes are nearly valvate in bud, being subimbricate at the apex. The anthers are basifixed and introrse. The ovary has two locules, with up to four ovules per locule.[3]
Taxonomy

Adina was named by Richard Salisbury in 1807 in his book, The Paradisus Londinensis.[4] The genus name is derived from the Ancient Greek word adinos, meaning "clustered, crowded". It refers to the tightly clustered heads of flowers.[5] The biological type for Adina consists of the specimens that Salisbury called Adina globiflora.[6] These are now included in the species Adina pilulifera.[3] Molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that Adina is paraphyletic over Adinauclea, a monospecific genus from Sulawesi and the Moluccas.[7]
Species

Species currently accepted as of November 2016 (review completed):[8]

Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Brandis - from India to Yunnan to Peninsular Malaysia
Adina dissimilis Craib - Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia
Adina eurhyncha (Miq.) Å.Krüger & Löfstrand - Borneo; W. Malesia; Sumatra.[9]
Adina fagifolia (Teijsm. & Binn. ex Havil.) Valeton ex Merr - Sulawesi and Maluku
Adina malaccensis (Ridsdale) Å.Krüger & Löfstrand [10] - Malaya; Thailand
Adina metcalfii Merr. ex H.L.Li, J. Arnold [11] SE. China to Thailand
Adina multifolia Havil., J. Linn. [12] - Philippines, New Guinea
Adina pilulifera (Lam.) Franch. ex Drake - Japan, China, Vietnam
Adina pubicostata Merr. - Hunan, Guangxi, Vietnam
Adina rubella Hance - China, Korea
Adina trichotoma (Zoll. & Moritzi) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks. - from Assam to southern China south to Java and New Guinea

References

Kewscience Adina Salisb.
Mabberley DJ (2008). Mabberley's Plant Book (3 ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-82071-4.
Ridsdale CE (1978). "A revision of the tribe Naucleeae s.s. (Rubiaceae)". Blumea. 24 (2): 307–366.
Salisbury RA (1807). The Paradisus Londinensis: Containing plants cultivated in the vicinity of the metropolis. 1.
Quattrocchi U (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 1. Boca Raton, New York, Washington DC, London: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2.
Adina In: Index Nominum Genericorum. In: Regnum Vegetabile.
Manns U, Bremer B (2010). "Towards a better understanding of intertribal relationships and stable tribal delimitations within Cinchonoideae s.s. (Rubiaceae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 56 (1): 21–39. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.04.002. PMID 20382247. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-27.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Kew Adina eurhyncha
Kew Adina malaccensis
Kew Adina metcalfii
Kew Adina multifolia

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