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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Rosoideae
Tribus: Agrimonieae
Subtribus: Agrimoniinae
Genus: Agrimonia
Species

A. aitchisonii – A. bracteata – A. coreana – A. eupatoria – A. gorovoii – A. granulosa – A. gryposepala – A. hirsuta – A. incisa – A. macrocarpa – A. microcarpa – A. nipponica – A. parviflora – A. pilosa – A. pringlei – A. procera – A. pubescens – A. repens – A. rostellata – A. striata – A. zeylanica
Nothospecies

A. × nipponopilosa

Name

Agrimonia L., Sp. Pl.: 448 (1753).
References
Links

Hassler, M. 2020. Agrimonia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 28. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Agrimonia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 May 28. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Agrimonia. Published online. Accessed: 28 May 2020.

Vernacular names
العربية: غافث
azərbaycanca: Gücotu
башҡортса: Йәбешкәк
беларуская: Дзядкі
čeština: řepík
Cymraeg: Llysiau'r dryw
dansk: Agermåne
Deutsch: Odermennige
eesti: Maarjalepp
فارسی: آگریمونیا
suomi: Verijuuret
Gaeilge: Airgeadán
עברית: אבגר
hornjoserbsce: Žiłan
magyar: Párlófű
日本語: キンミズヒキ属
ქართული: ბირკავა
қазақша: Ошаған
한국어: 짚신나물속
lietuvių: Dirvuolė
latviešu: Ancīši
Nederlands: Agrimonie
norsk nynorsk: Åkermåne
norsk: Åkermåne
polski: Rzepik
português: Agrimonia
русский: Репешок
slovenčina: repík
shqip: Agrimonia
svenska: Småborresläktet
Tagalog: Agrimonya
Türkçe: Kızılyaprak, Koyun otu, Kasık otu
українська: Парило
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Alomatchoy
Tiếng Việt: Chi Long nha thảo
ייִדיש: אַגרימאָניע
中文: 龍牙草屬

Agrimonia (from the Greek ἀργεμώνη),[1] commonly known as agrimony, is a genus of 12–15 species of perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the family Rosaceae,[1] native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with one species also in Africa. The species grow to between 0.5–2 m (1.6–6.6 ft) tall, with interrupted pinnate leaves, and tiny yellow flowers borne on a single (usually unbranched) spike.

Agrimonia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including grizzled skipper (recorded on A. eupatoria) and large grizzled skipper.

Species

Agrimonia eupatoria – Common agrimony (Europe, Asia, Africa)
Agrimonia gryposepala – Common agrimony, tall hairy agrimony (North America)
Agrimonia incisa – Incised agrimony (North America)
Agrimonia coreana – Korean agrimony (eastern Asia)
Agrimonia microcarpa – Smallfruit agrimony (North America)
Agrimonia nipponica – Japanese agrimony (eastern Asia)
Agrimonia parviflora – Harvestlice agrimony (North America)
Agrimonia pilosa – Hairy agrimony (eastern Europe, Asia)
Agrimonia procera – Fragrant agrimony (Europe)
Agrimonia pubescens – Soft or downy agrimony (North America)
Agrimonia repens – Short agrimony (southwest Asia)
Agrimonia rostellata – Beaked agrimony (North America)
Agrimonia striata – Roadside agrimony (North America)

Uses

In ancient times, it was used for foot baths and tired feet.[2] Agrimony has a long history of medicinal use. The English poet Michael Drayton once hailed it as an "all-heal" and through the ages it was considered a panacea.[citation needed] The ancient Greeks used agrimony to treat eye ailments, and it was made into brews for diarrhea and disorders of the gallbladder, liver, and kidneys.[citation needed] The Anglo-Saxons boiled agrimony in milk and used it to improve erectile performance.[3] They also made a solution from the leaves and seeds for healing wounds; this use continued through the Middle Ages and afterward, in a preparation called eau d'arquebusade, or "musket-shot water".[4] It has been added to tea as a spring tonic.[2]
Folklore

Traditional British folklore states that if a sprig of Agrimonia eupatoria was placed under a person's head, they would sleep until it was removed.[5]
See also

Aremonia agrimonioides (Bastard-agrimony, of the related genus Aremonia)
Eupatorium cannabinum (Hemp-agrimony)

References

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Agrimony" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 424.
C. F. Leyel. Compassionate Herbs. Faber and Faber Limited.
Lacey, R. and Danziger, D. (1999) In The Year 1000 London: Little, Brown & Co, p. 126
Grieve, Margaret (1931). A Modern Herbal (Hypertext version ed.). Hafner Pub. pp. Agrimony. Retrieved 14 December 2021.

Encyclopedia of Folk Medicine: Old World and New World Traditions by Gabrielle Hatfield, p.310

Eriksson, Torsten; Hibbs, Malin S.; Yoder, Anne D.; Delwiche, Charles F.; Donoghue, Michael J. (2003). "The Phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) Based on Sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA and the TRNL/F Region of Chloroplast DNA". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 164 (2): 197–211. doi:10.1086/346163. S2CID 22378156.

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